Korup National Park

CMNTIPA035
Korup National Park

Country: Cameroon

Administrative region: Southwest (Region)

Central co-ordinates: 5.20000 N, 8.90000 E

Area: 1873km²

Qualifying IPA Criteria

A(i)Site contains one or more globally threatened species

IPA assessment rationale

Korup National Park qualifies as a potential IPA under criterion A(i) due to the presence of a very high number of globally threatened species, several of which are endemic or nearly so. It also likely qualifies under criterion B(ii) for its many range restricted species, B(iii) for its richness in wild harvested species, and criterion C(iii) as a representative of its habitat type.

Site description

Korup National Park, in Southwest Region (Manyu and Ndian divisions), Cameroon, was established in 1986 following research by primatologists and NGOs such as WWF from the late 1970s. It expands on the former Korup Forest Reserve, which dates to the 1930s. The National Park's borders encompass 1,259 km2 of lowland forest rainforest, with another 600 km2 demarcated through a 3 km buffer zone all around the perimeter except where it joins the border with Nigeria. A 100 km2 core zone in the south near Mundemba is further demarcated, and agencies and government have also targeted for development and conservation work a much larger Korup Project Area, incorporating Ejagham Forest Reserve to the north, Nta Ali reserve in the northeast, Rumpi Hills in the east, and land in the south up to the the mangrove forest of Ndongere proposed national park. The boundaries of the IPA proposed here are constituted by the Korup National Park and buffer zone. The park has its official entrance, the iconic suspension bridge spanning the river Ndian, in the south, close to the town of Mundemba. The towns of Nguti and Manyemen serve the northeast part. Principal access is along a 120 km long unpaved road from Kumba to Mundemba, and can be difficult in the wet season.

Botanical significance

Korup is situated within the Biafran rain forest block (Letouzey, 1968), a part of the Guineo-Congolian Regional Centre of Endemism (White, 1983). The floral and faunal diversity of the Biafran rain forest zone is very high and there are many endemics (Gartlan, 1994). Southwestern Cameroon has been indicated to have the highest diversity of both species and genera per degree square in tropical africa (Barthlott et al., 1996; Dagallier et al., 2020). The National Park is nearly completely covered in lowland and sub-montane evergreen rain forest and is one of the most important botanical areas in tropical Africa (Gartlan, 1994). The site is relatively well studied compared to other areas of coastal forest in neighbouring Nigeria and Cameroon, and is known to harbour very high plant diversity with around 3,500 vascular plant species (Gartlan, 1994). Many species are endemic to the site itself or known only from Korup and a few other nearby sites such as Mt Cameroon, Rumpi Hills, Ejagham Forest Reserve or Oban Hills in Nigeria. Exceptionally high rainfall and particular edaphic properties may partly explain the botanical richness. Korup is also considered a forest refugium where the climate has been relatively stable during the Pleistocene, enabling the forest to persist during periods with a generally cooler and drier climate (Maley, 1998; Sosef, 1994). The tree species composition in the southern part of the park shows a remarkably low presence of pioneer species, indication that this part of the park has been little affected by natural and anthropogenic disturbances (X.M. van der Burgt, unpublished data). Elsewhere in the park, some areas with secondary forest occur (Gartlan, 1994).

Habitat and geology

Korup has a two-season climate, with the wet season running between March and November. It is one of the wettest areas in tropical Africa. In the south of the park, total annual rainfall averaged 5,382 mm over a 14 year period, with the months December to February averaging c.100 mm per month, and July and August each averaging c. 1,000 mm per month. Rainfall is considerably less in the north of the park, averaging 2,200 mm, although measurements were from a different source and averaged over a much shorter period (Rodewald et al., 1994). Mean monthly temperatures range from c. 24-30° C and mean peak temperatures range seasonally between c. 30-32° C, with a diurnal range of 10° C (Chuyong, 2004; Thomas et al., 2015).
The area is underlain by ancient metamorphic basement rocks, with some granitic outcrops and boulders (Letouzey 1985; Burgt, 2018). Soils are classified as predominantly yellow ferralitic soils over acid rocks according to Vallerie (1970) or nitisols according to Yerima & Van Ranst (2005). They are typically described as strongly weathered, sandy, acidic and infertile, with deficient phosphate and potassium (Burgt, 2018; Chuyong, 2004; Newbery et al., 2004). Periodically inundated soils occur along streams and rivers (Burgt, 2018).
Three major rivers flow through the park, taking different routes to meet the sea in the same approximate area. The Ndian river flows south from Ejagham, through the middle of the park, then forms the eastern boundary and is joined by tributaries from the Rumpi Hills area before continuing to meet the sea at the Rio del Rey. The Korup river forms the western boundary of the park and part of the international border with Nigeria, flowing south to join the Cross River estuary. The Munaya river flows north from the Rumpi Hills through northwest Korup, to join the Cross River which also eventually turns southwards towards the Bight of Bonny.
Nearly 50% of the national park is below 360 m altitude (Rodewald et al., 1994). Mt Rana, in the middle of the park, is the highest point at 1,080 m, and there is also steep terrain in the northwest part. Closed-canopy, lowland, coastal evergreen rainforest covers almost the entire site but patches of periodically inundated rainforest occur along watercourses and some sub-montane forest appear on the highest points; tree species from the Leguminosae-Detarioideae are locally abundant and sometimes dominant (Newbery et al., 2004). There are also a few granite inselbergs and steep granite slopes with shrubby vegetation and bare rock. Some areas have been cleared for cocoa farming, and extensive areas in the buffer zone for palm oil (Diaw et al., 2003; Siewe et al., 2017).

Conservation issues

Korup National Park represents one of the first attempts in West or Central Africa at integrated conservation and development (Malleson, 2002). Agencies including WWF-UK, WCS, UK ODA (now FCDO), the German development agency GTZ (now GIZ) and the European Commission were involved with the Cameroon government in the establishment and funding of the national park and associated Korup Project (Oates et al., 2004). Implementation has been criticised for the treatment of villagers inside the park (Diaw et al., 2003; Siewe et al., 2017). Five villages remain within the park boundary (Erat, Bera, Esukutan, Ikenge, Bareka Batanga) and another 25 are situated within the buffer zone where development projects have been focused (Siewe et al., 2017; Malleson, 2002). One village, Ikondo-Kondo has been relocated, in 2000, to a new location, while other efforts have been abandoned (Malleson, 2002). The relocation policy has been controversial and villagers have reportedly been left feeling angry and betrayed (Malleson, 2002; Diaw et al., 2003). Since 2017, a new collaborative management approach has been attempted and villagers and other stakeholders have provided input to the 2017-2021 management plan (Shu & Ebua, 2018). This development has also led to permanent use zones (PUZs), legalising the status of two of the remaining 5 villages within the park. As of 2017 PUZs had yet to be implemented for the remaining villages (Shu & Ebua, 2018).
Up to 8% of the national park area has apparently been cultivated by villagers, with cultivation increasing in response to abandonment of relocation plans and restrictions on use of the forest for hunting and other resources (Malleson, 2002). Cocoa farming is the main agricultural activity and almost universally practised by villagers (Siewe et al., 2017). However, villagers continue to utilise the forest, and bushmeat hunting was reported as continuing, with sales across the Nigerian border evading policing efforts (Malleson, 2002; Siewe et al., 2017). Large scale oil palm cultivation is evident in the buffer zone, logging is reported to remain a major threat nearby, and numerous forestry concessions surround the park and overlap the buffer zone (KBA partnership, 2020; WRI, 2020). The Anglophone crisis has interrupted conservation work and brought significant numbers of people seeking refuge within the forest, likely increasing agricultural and hunting activity (Linder et al., 2019).
Korup National Park is adjacent to the protected Cross River National Park in Nigeria, which enhances the size and importance of the overall habitat. There are also connections with other IPAs and conservation sites in Cameroon, including Ejagham and Nta Ali Forest Reserves, Rumpi Hills and Banyang Mbo Wildlife Reserve, Ndongere proposed National Park and the Mt Cameroon area. Connecting corridors are, however, increasingly threatened by development which may limit dispersal and migration. Populations of mammals have declined significantly as a result of poaching, and this will negatively affect the recruitment of many plant species in the forest that are reliant on mammal dispersers (Abernethy et al., 2013; Estrada et al., 2017).

Ecosystem services

Korup National Park is one of the most important botanical areas in tropical Africa, with a very high floral and faunal species diversity, and many endemic or near-endemic species (Gartlan 1994). The site is an important Bird Area and Key Biodiversity Area, with 419 bird species recorded within the national park including Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus, EN) (Bobo et al., 2005). Preuss's Red Colobus Monkey (Piliocolobus preussi, CR) has its stronghold here, while Forest Elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis, CR), Preuss’s Monkey (Allochrocebus preussi, EN), Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ssp. ellioti, EN), Mandrill (Mandrillus leucophaeus, EN) and other threatened species also occur (KBA partnership, 2020; Linder et al, 2019).
Tourism has been promoted at Korup, with trails and lodges built, but it remains small scale and likely disrupted by the anglophone crisis and by local hostility to conservation and development plans (Oates et al., 2004; Linder et al., 2019). Scientific research is also well established, with long term plot studies and basic facilities available for scientists, although the tourist and scientific camps inside the park were destroyed by villagers about 10 years ago.
villagers inside and outside the forest rely on many non-timber forest products to supplement their livelihoods; the importance of these goods has been increasingly recognised by conservation and development agencies (Malleson, 1993; Malleson, 2002).

Site assessor(s)

Bruce Murphy, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Xander van der Burgt, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

IPA criterion A species

Species Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 1% of global population ≥ 5% of national population 1 of 5 best sites nationally Entire global population Socio-economically important Abundance at site
Aframomum tchoutoui D.J.Harris & Wortley A(i) True True True False False
Afrothismia hydra Sainge & T.Franke A(i) True True True False False
Ancistrocladus korupensis D.W.Thomas & Gereau A(i) True True True False False
Aporrhiza multijuga Gilg A(i) True True True False False
Begonia quadrialata Warb. subsp. dusenii (Warb.) Sosef A(i) True True True False False
Beilschmiedia jacques-felixii Robyns & R.Wilczek A(i) True True True False False
Cassipourea korupensis Kenfack & Sainge A(i) True True True True False
Cola mamboana Kenfack & Sainge A(i) True True True False True
Cola suboppositifolia Cheek A(i) True True True False True
Cola zemagoana Kenfack & D.W.Thomas A(i) True True True True True
Cryptosepalum korupense Burgt A(i) True True True False False
Deinbollia angustifolia D.W.Thomas A(i) True True True True False
Deinbollia saligna Keay A(i) True True True False False
Deinbollia unijuga D.W.Thomas A(i) True True True False False
Dichapetalum korupinum Breteler A(i) True True True True False
Dichapetalum letouzeyi Breteler A(i) True True True True False
Didelotia korupensis Burgt A(i) True True True True False
Empogona talbotii (Wernham) Tosh & Robbr. A(i) True True True False False
Gardenia epiphytica Jongkind A(i) True True True False False
Gluema korupensis Burgt A(i) True True True False False
Guaduella humilis Clayton A(i) True True True False False
Hugonia batesii De Wild. A(i) True True True False False
Hymenostegia bakeriana Hutch. & Dalziel A(i) True True True False False
Ixora delicatula Keay A(i) True True True False False
Justicia tenuipes S.Moore A(i) True True True False False
Korupodendron songweanum Litt & Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Lecomtedoxa plumosa Burgt A(i) True True True True False
Memecylon korupense R.D.Stone A(i), A(iii), A(iv) True True True True False
Memecylon rheophyticum R.D.Stone, Ghogue & Cheek A(i), A(iii), A(iv) True True True True False
Pavetta baconiella Bremek. A(i) True True True True False
Pavetta grossissima S.D.Manning A(i) True True True True False
Physacanthus talbotii S.Moore A(i) True True True False False
Piptostigma oyemense Pellegr. A(i) True True True False False
Placodiscus caudatus Pierre ex Pellegr. A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria elephantina Lachenaud & Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Rinorea thomasii Achound. A(i) True True True False False
Salacia lenticellosa Loes. ex Harms A(i) True True True False False
Staurogyne kamerunensis (Engl.) Benoist subsp. calabarensis Champl. A(i) True True True False False
Talbotiella korupensis Mackinder & Wieringa A(i) True True True False False
Tessmannia korupensis Burgt A(i) True True True False False
Tricalysia achoundongiana Robbr., Sonké & Kenfack A(i) True True True False False
Vepris heterophylla (Engl.) Letouzey A(i) False True True False False
Vepris letouzeyi Onana A(ii) True True True False False
Boutiquea platypetala (Engl. & Diels) Le Thomas A(i) True True True False False
Isolona pleurocarpa Diels A(i) True True True False False
Landolphia maxima (K.Schum. ex Hallier f.) Pichon A(i) True True True False False
Hoplestigma pierreanum Gilg A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Salacia lucida Oliv. A(i) True True True False False
Grossera major Pax A(i) True False True False False
Eurypetalum unijugum Harms A(i) True True True False False
Strychnos gnetifolia Gilg ex Onochie & Hepper A(i) True True True False False
Phyllanthus dusenii Hutch. A(i) True True True False False
Drypetes preussii (Pax) Hutch. A(i) False False True False False
Drypetes staudtii (Pax) Hutch. A(i) True False True False False
Belonophora ongensis S.E.Dawson & Cheek A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Belonophora talbotii (Wernham) Keay A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Psychotria densinervia (K.Krause) Verdc. A(i), A(iii) False False True False False
Psychotria lanceifolia K.Schum. A(i) True True True False False
Tricalysia ferorum Robbr. A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Deinbollia pycnophylla Gilg ex Engl. A(i) True True True False False
Placodiscus angustifolius Radlk. A(i) True True True False False
Dicranolepis polygaloides Gilg ex H.Pearson A(i) True False True False False
Afrofittonia silvestris Lindau A(i) True True True False False
Asystasia lindauiana Hutch. & Dalziel A(i) True True True False False
Schefflera mannii (Hook.f.) Harms A(i) True False True False False
Berlinia korupensis Mackinder & Burgt A(i) True True True False False
Gilbertiodendron newberyi Burgt A(i) True True True False True
Microberlinia bisulcata A.Chev. A(i) True True True False True
Chazaliella obanensis (Wernham) Petit & Verdc. A(i) True False False False False
Hymenostegia talbotii Baker f. A(i) True True True False True
Hymenostegia viridiflora Mackinder & Wieringa A(i) True True True False False
Costus albiflos Maas & H.Maas A(i) True True True False False
Vitex lokundjensis W.Piep. A(i) True True True False False
Anthonotha xanderi Breteler A(i) True True True False False
Begonia oxyanthera Warb. A(i) True False False False True
Memecylon dasyanthum Gilg & Ledermann ex Engl. A(i) True True True False True
Corymborkis minima P.J.Cribb A(i) True True True False False
Afropectinariella pungens (Schltr.) M.Simo & Stévart A(i) True True True False False
Anthocleista scandens Hook.f. A(i) True False False False False
Leonardoxa africana (Baill.) Aubrév. subsp. letouzeyi McKey A(i) True True True False False
Begonia preussii Warb. A(i) True False True False False
Napoleonaea egertonii Baker f. A(i) True False True False False
Salacia lehmbachii Loes var. pes-ranulae N.Hallé A(i) True False True False False
Jollydora glandulosa G.Schellenb. A(i) True True True False False
Calochone acuminata Keay A(i) True True True False True
Angylocalyx talbotii Baker f. ex Hutch. & Dalziel A(i) False False True False False
Antrocaryon micraster A.Chev. & Guillaumin A(i) False False True False True
Cola megalophylla Brenan & Keay A(i) True True True False True
Crateranthus talbotii Baker f. A(i) False False True False False
Garcinia staudtii Engl. A(i) True False True False False
Rhodognaphalon brevicuspe (Sprague) Roberty A(i) False False True False True
Warneckea austro-occidentalis R.D.Stone A(i) True True True False False
Ancistrocladus grandiflorus Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Cola nigerica Brenan & Keay A(i) True True True False False
Diospyros korupensis Gosline A(i) True True True False True
Amanoa strobilacea Müll.Arg. A(i) False True True False False
Cola praecuta Brenan & Keay A(i) True True True False False
Liparis gracilentis Dandy A(i) True True True False False
Sabicea medusula K.Schum. ex Wernham A(i) True True True False False
Uvariopsis korupensis Gereau & Kenfack A(i) True True True False False
Aframomum plicatum D.J.Harris & Wortley A(i) True True True False False
Begonia prismatocarpa Hook. subsp. delobata Sosef A(i) True True True False False
Cuviera talbotii (Wernham) Verdc. A(i) True False True False False
Macropodiella pellucida (Engl.) C.Cusset A(i) True True True False False
Placodiscus opacus Radlk. A(i) True False True False False
Psychotria minimicalyx K.Schum A(i) True False True False False
Trichostachys interrupta K.Schum. A(i) True True True False False
Vepris trifoliolata (Engl.) Mziray A(i) True True True False False
Tricalysia lejolyana Sonké & Cheek A(i) True True True False True
Allexis obanensis Violaceae A(i) True True True False False
Memecylon candidum, Melastomataceae A(i) False False True False False
Gaertnera letouzeyi Malcomber A(i) True True True False False
Allexis cauliflora A(i) True True True False False
Amanoa bracteosa Planch. A(i) True True True False False
Baillonella toxisperma Pierre A(i) False True True False True
Daniellia oblonga Oliv. A(i) True True True False False
Diospyros crassiflora Hiern A(i) False False True False True
Garcinia kola Heckel A(i) False False True False True
Leplaea thompsonii (Sprague & Hutch.) E.J.M.Koenen & J.J.de Wilde A(i) False False True False True
Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn.f. A(i) False False True False True
Magnistipula cuneatifolia Hauman A(i) True True True False False
Magnistipula multinervia A(i), A(iii) True True True True False
Manilkara lososiana A(i) True True True True False
Turraeanthus mannii Baill. A(i) False False False False True
Berlinia hollandii Hutch. & Dalziel A(i) True True True False False
Millettia laurentii de Wild. A(i) False True True False False
Salacia nigra Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Salacia volubilis Loes. & H.J.P.Winkl. A(i) True False False False False
Magnistipula butayei De Wild. subsp. korupensis Burgt A(iii) True True True True False
Afrothismia korupensis Sainge & T.Franke A(i) True True True True False
Bulbophyllum subligaculiferum J.J.Verm. A(i) False False False False False
Aframomum makandensis Dhetchuvi A(i) True True True False False
Anisophyllea neopurpurascens Li Bing Zhang, Xin Chen & H.He A(i) True True True False False
Craterispermum capitatum Taedoumg & De Block A(i) True True True False False
Garcinia afzelii Engl. A(i) False False True False False
Neolemonniera ogouensis (Dubard) Heine A(i) True True True False False
Cola brevipes Malvaceae A(i) True True True False False
Globulostylis minor Wernham A(iii) True True True False False
Piptostigma longepilosum A(i) True True True False False
Piptostigma macrophyllum Ghogue, Sonké & Couvreur A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria camerunensis E.M.A.Petit A(i) True False False False False
Pterygota bequaertii De Wild. A(i) False False False False False
Terminalia ivorensis A.Chev. A(i) False True True False False
Begonia rubromarginata Gilg A(i) True True True False False
Allophylus nigericus Baker f. A(iv) True True True False False
Callichilia basileis Beentje A(iv) True True True False False
Cassipourea atanganae Kenfack A(iii) True True True True False
Chytranthus micranthus Gilg ex Radlk. A(iv) True True True False False
Costus acutissimus Maas & H.Maas A(iii) True True True False False
Crotonogynopsis korupensis Kenfack & D.W.Thomas A(iv) True True True False False
Cuviera trilocularis Hiern A(iv) True True True False False
Psychotria korupensis O.Lachenaud A(iii) True True True True False
Scaphopetalum parvifolium Baker f. A(i) True True True False False
Scyphosyce pandurata Hutch. A(iv) True True True False False

Aframomum tchoutoui D.J.Harris & Wortley

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afrothismia hydra Sainge & T.Franke

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ancistrocladus korupensis D.W.Thomas & Gereau

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aporrhiza multijuga Gilg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia quadrialata Warb. subsp. dusenii (Warb.) Sosef

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Beilschmiedia jacques-felixii Robyns & R.Wilczek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cassipourea korupensis Kenfack & Sainge

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cola mamboana Kenfack & Sainge

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Cola suboppositifolia Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Cola zemagoana Kenfack & D.W.Thomas

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Cryptosepalum korupense Burgt

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia angustifolia D.W.Thomas

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia saligna Keay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia unijuga D.W.Thomas

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dichapetalum korupinum Breteler

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dichapetalum letouzeyi Breteler

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Didelotia korupensis Burgt

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Empogona talbotii (Wernham) Tosh & Robbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Gardenia epiphytica Jongkind

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Gluema korupensis Burgt

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Guaduella humilis Clayton

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Hugonia batesii De Wild.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Hymenostegia bakeriana Hutch. & Dalziel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ixora delicatula Keay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Justicia tenuipes S.Moore

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Korupodendron songweanum Litt & Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Lecomtedoxa plumosa Burgt

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Memecylon korupense R.D.Stone

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Memecylon rheophyticum R.D.Stone, Ghogue & Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta baconiella Bremek.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta grossissima S.D.Manning

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Physacanthus talbotii S.Moore

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Piptostigma oyemense Pellegr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Placodiscus caudatus Pierre ex Pellegr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria elephantina Lachenaud & Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rinorea thomasii Achound.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Salacia lenticellosa Loes. ex Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Staurogyne kamerunensis (Engl.) Benoist subsp. calabarensis Champl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Talbotiella korupensis Mackinder & Wieringa

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Tessmannia korupensis Burgt

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Tricalysia achoundongiana Robbr., Sonké & Kenfack

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vepris heterophylla (Engl.) Letouzey

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vepris letouzeyi Onana

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(ii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Boutiquea platypetala (Engl. & Diels) Le Thomas

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Isolona pleurocarpa Diels

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Landolphia maxima (K.Schum. ex Hallier f.) Pichon

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Hoplestigma pierreanum Gilg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Salacia lucida Oliv.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Grossera major Pax

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Eurypetalum unijugum Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Strychnos gnetifolia Gilg ex Onochie & Hepper

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Phyllanthus dusenii Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Drypetes preussii (Pax) Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Drypetes staudtii (Pax) Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Belonophora ongensis S.E.Dawson & Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Belonophora talbotii (Wernham) Keay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria densinervia (K.Krause) Verdc.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria lanceifolia K.Schum.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Tricalysia ferorum Robbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia pycnophylla Gilg ex Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Placodiscus angustifolius Radlk.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dicranolepis polygaloides Gilg ex H.Pearson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afrofittonia silvestris Lindau

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Asystasia lindauiana Hutch. & Dalziel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Schefflera mannii (Hook.f.) Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Berlinia korupensis Mackinder & Burgt

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Gilbertiodendron newberyi Burgt

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Microberlinia bisulcata A.Chev.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Chazaliella obanensis (Wernham) Petit & Verdc.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Hymenostegia talbotii Baker f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Hymenostegia viridiflora Mackinder & Wieringa

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Costus albiflos Maas & H.Maas

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vitex lokundjensis W.Piep.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Anthonotha xanderi Breteler

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia oxyanthera Warb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Memecylon dasyanthum Gilg & Ledermann ex Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Corymborkis minima P.J.Cribb

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afropectinariella pungens (Schltr.) M.Simo & Stévart

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Anthocleista scandens Hook.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Leonardoxa africana (Baill.) Aubrév. subsp. letouzeyi McKey

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia preussii Warb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Napoleonaea egertonii Baker f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Salacia lehmbachii Loes var. pes-ranulae N.Hallé

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Jollydora glandulosa G.Schellenb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Calochone acuminata Keay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Angylocalyx talbotii Baker f. ex Hutch. & Dalziel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Antrocaryon micraster A.Chev. & Guillaumin

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Cola megalophylla Brenan & Keay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Crateranthus talbotii Baker f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Garcinia staudtii Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rhodognaphalon brevicuspe (Sprague) Roberty

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Warneckea austro-occidentalis R.D.Stone

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ancistrocladus grandiflorus Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cola nigerica Brenan & Keay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Diospyros korupensis Gosline

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Amanoa strobilacea Müll.Arg.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cola praecuta Brenan & Keay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Liparis gracilentis Dandy

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Sabicea medusula K.Schum. ex Wernham

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariopsis korupensis Gereau & Kenfack

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aframomum plicatum D.J.Harris & Wortley

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia prismatocarpa Hook. subsp. delobata Sosef

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cuviera talbotii (Wernham) Verdc.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Macropodiella pellucida (Engl.) C.Cusset

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Placodiscus opacus Radlk.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria minimicalyx K.Schum

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Trichostachys interrupta K.Schum.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vepris trifoliolata (Engl.) Mziray

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Tricalysia lejolyana Sonké & Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Allexis obanensis Violaceae

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Memecylon candidum, Melastomataceae

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Gaertnera letouzeyi Malcomber

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Allexis cauliflora

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Amanoa bracteosa Planch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Baillonella toxisperma Pierre

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Daniellia oblonga Oliv.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Diospyros crassiflora Hiern

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Garcinia kola Heckel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Leplaea thompsonii (Sprague & Hutch.) E.J.M.Koenen & J.J.de Wilde

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Magnistipula cuneatifolia Hauman

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Magnistipula multinervia

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Manilkara lososiana

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Turraeanthus mannii Baill.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Berlinia hollandii Hutch. & Dalziel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Millettia laurentii de Wild.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Salacia nigra Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Salacia volubilis Loes. & H.J.P.Winkl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Magnistipula butayei De Wild. subsp. korupensis Burgt

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afrothismia korupensis Sainge & T.Franke

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum subligaculiferum J.J.Verm.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aframomum makandensis Dhetchuvi

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Anisophyllea neopurpurascens Li Bing Zhang, Xin Chen & H.He

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Craterispermum capitatum Taedoumg & De Block

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Garcinia afzelii Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Neolemonniera ogouensis (Dubard) Heine

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cola brevipes Malvaceae

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Globulostylis minor Wernham

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Piptostigma longepilosum

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Piptostigma macrophyllum Ghogue, Sonké & Couvreur

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria camerunensis E.M.A.Petit

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pterygota bequaertii De Wild.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Terminalia ivorensis A.Chev.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia rubromarginata Gilg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Allophylus nigericus Baker f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Callichilia basileis Beentje

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cassipourea atanganae Kenfack

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Chytranthus micranthus Gilg ex Radlk.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Costus acutissimus Maas & H.Maas

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Crotonogynopsis korupensis Kenfack & D.W.Thomas

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cuviera trilocularis Hiern

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria korupensis O.Lachenaud

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Scaphopetalum parvifolium Baker f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Scyphosyce pandurata Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

General site habitats

General site habitat Percent coverage Importance
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest 90 Major
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Swamp Forest 1 Minor
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest 3 Minor

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest

Percent coverage:
90
Importance:
Major

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Swamp Forest

Percent coverage:
1
Importance:
Minor

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest

Percent coverage:
3
Importance:
Minor

Land use types

Land use type Percent coverage Importance
Nature conservation 90 Major
Agriculture (arable) 10 Minor

Nature conservation

Percent coverage:
90
Importance:
Major

Agriculture (arable)

Percent coverage:
10
Importance:
Minor

Threats

Threat Severity Timing
Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture Medium Ongoing - increasing
Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Medium Ongoing - increasing
Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Medium Ongoing - increasing
Biological resource use - Hunting & collecting terrestrial animals High Ongoing - trend unknown
Biological resource use - Logging & wood harvesting Medium Ongoing - trend unknown

Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Biological resource use - Hunting & collecting terrestrial animals

Severity:
High
Timing:
Ongoing - trend unknown

Biological resource use - Logging & wood harvesting

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - trend unknown

Protected areas

Protected area name Protected area type Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Korup National Park National Park protected/conservation area matches IPA 1873

Korup National Park

Protected area type:
National Park
Relationship with IPA:
protected/conservation area matches IPA
Areal overlap:
1873

Conservation designation

Designation name Protected area Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Korup National Park Important Bird Area IPA encompasses protected/conservation area 1259
Korup National Park Key Biodiversity Area IPA encompasses protected/conservation area 1259

Korup National Park

Protected area:
Important Bird Area
Relationship with IPA:
IPA encompasses protected/conservation area
Areal overlap:
1259

Korup National Park

Protected area:
Key Biodiversity Area
Relationship with IPA:
IPA encompasses protected/conservation area
Areal overlap:
1259

Management type

Management type Description Year started Year finished
Site management plan in place Under the new collaborative mangement approach implemented by MINEF through the Programme for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources in the South West Region (PSMNR-SWR), the 32 villages and other stakeholders were reportedly involved in creation of the latest management plan. 2017 2021

Site management plan in place

Under the new collaborative mangement approach implemented by MINEF through the Programme for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources in the South West Region (PSMNR-SWR), the 32 villages and other stakeholders were reportedly involved in creation of the latest management plan.
Year started:
2017
Year finished:
2021

Bibliography

Barthlott, W., Lauer, W. & Placke, A., 1996

Global distribution of species diversity in vascular plants: towards a world map of phytodiversity.

Erkunde, Vol 50, page(s) 317-328

Oates, J.F., Bergl, R.A. & Linder, J.M., 2004

Africa's Gulf of Guinea Forests: Biodiversity Patterns and Conservation Priorities

MINFOF (Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife) & WRI (World Resources Instiute), 2020

Cameroon's Forest Estate December 2020 poster

Available online

Vallerie, M., 1970 [2011]

Carte Pedologique du Cameroun Occidental. Centre de Yaoundé

Available online

Bobo, K. S., Waltert, M., Fichtler, M., & Mühlenberg, M., 2005

New bird records for the Korup Project Area, SW Cameroon

Malimbus,, Vol 27, page(s) 13–18

Gartlan, J.S., 1984

Korup Regional Management Plan: Conservation and Development in the Ndian Division of Cameroon (Draft)

Malleson, R., 2002

Changing Perspectives on Forests, People and ‘Development’: Reflections on the Case of the Korup Forest

IDS Bulletin Vol, Vol 33(1), page(s) 94-101

Maley, J. & Brenac, P., 1998

Vegetation dynamics, palaeoenvironments and climatic changes in the forests of western Cameroon during the last 28,000 years B.P.

Review of palaeobotany and palynology, Vol 99 (2), page(s) 157- 187

Tiani, A.M. & Diaw, M.C.,

Does resettlement contribute to conservation? The case of the Ikundu-kundu, Korup National Park, Cameroon

Policy Matters, Vol 14, page(s) 113–127

Ministry of Environment and Wildlife, 2008

Management Plan for the Korup National Park and its Peripheral Zone 2009–2013

Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership, 2020

Key Biodiversity Areas factsheet: Korup National Park. Extracted from the World Database of Key Biodiversity Areas. Developed by the Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership: BirdLife International, IUCN, American Bird Conservancy, Amphibian Survival Alliance,

Available online

Linder, J., Morgan, B.J., Abwe, E.E., Jost Robinson, C.A., Imong, I. & Oates, J.F., 2019

Piliocolobus preussi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T41026A92633245

Available online

MINFOF, 2017

The Management Plan of Korup National Park and its Peripheral Zone 2017-2021

Shu, G. N. & Ebua, V., 2018

Collaborative Management of Protected Areas. Paper on the community involvement in the Korup National Park Management process in Cameroon

Available online

Estrada, A., P.A. Garber, A.B. Rylands, C. Roos, E., Fernandez-Duque, A. DiFiore, K.A.I. Nekaris, V, Nijman, E.W. Heymann, J.E. Lambert & Rovero, F., 2017

Impending extinction crisis of the world’s primates: why primates matter

Science Advances, Vol 3(1), page(s) p.e1600946

Abernethy, K.A., L. Coad, G. Taylor, M.E. Lee & Maisels, F., 2013

Extent and ecological consequences of hunting in Central African rainforests in the twenty-first century

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol 368(1625), page(s) p20120303

Malleson, R., 1993

Harmony and conflict between NTFP use and conservation in Korup National Park

Network Paper - Rural Development Forestry Network, Vol 15c (pub. Overseas Development Institute), page(s) 16-23 Available online

Chuyong, G.B., Condit, R., Kenfack, D., Losos, E., Sainge, S.M., Songwe, N.C. & Thomas, D.W., 2004

Korup Forest Dynamics Plot, Cameroon

Forest diversity and dynamism: findings from a large-scale plot network (pub. University of Chicago Press), page(s) 506–516

Gartlan, S., 1994

Korup National Park, Cameroon.

In: Davis, S.D.; Heywood, V.H.; Hamilton, A.C. (eds). Centres of plant diversity, a guide and strategy for their conservation., Vol 1 (pub. WWF and IUCN), page(s) 158-162

Dagallier, L-M.J., Janssens, S.B., Dauby, G., Blach-Overgaard, A., Mackinder, B.A., Droissart, V., Svenning, J.C., Sosef, M.S.M., Stévart, T., Harris, D.J., Sonké, B., Wieringa, J.J., Hardy, O.J., Couvreur, T.L.P., 2020

Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa

New Phytologist, Vol 225(5), page(s) 2196-2213

Rodewald, P., Dejaifve, P., & Green, A., 1994

The birds of Korup National Park and Korup Project Area, Southwest Province, Cameroon

Bird Conservation International, Vol 4(1), page(s) 1-68

Recommended citation

Bruce Murphy, Xander van der Burgt (2024) Tropical Important Plant Areas Explorer: Korup National Park (Cameroon). https://tipas.kew.org/site/korup-national-park/ (Accessed on 21/05/2024)