Southern Simandou Mountains

Montagnes Sud de Simandou

GUITIPA018
Southern Simandou Mountains

Country: Guinea

Administrative region: Beyla (Prefecture)

Central co-ordinates: 8.53333 N, 8.91667 W

Area: 368km²

Qualifying IPA Criteria

A(i)Site contains one or more globally threatened species, B(i)Site contains a high number of species within defined habitat or vegetation types, C(iii)Site contains nationally threatened or restricted habitat or vegetation types, AND/OR habitats that have severely declined in extent nationally

IPA assessment rationale

The southern Simandou Mountains have the second highest diversity of plant species in Guinea after the Nimba Mountains, with over 1,400 documented plant species and c. 40 threatened species, including one species globally endemic to Pic de Fon. Although the Pic de Fon Classified Forest has a management plan, there have been some oversights in the plan impacting on the plant species. A lack of on-the-ground protection and management has led to increased artisanal diamond mining in the submontane and lowland forest at Banko, the largest area of previously intact forest in the area. Mining and the associated infrastructure will have a significant impact on the vegetation of the area when it goes ahead.

Site description

The southern Simandou range of mountains is situated in the south-east of Guinea. It straddles the prefectures of Macenta and Beyla and is part of the Loma-Man range that extends into Sierra Leone. The highest peak, Pic de Fon, reaches 1,658m. It has species associations with the Guinea Highlands (Fouta Djallon) and with the Nimba Mountains. The ridges and flanks have a mosaic of submontane forest and submontane lateritic (ferralitic) bowal (grassland) with high species diversity, both of which are recognised as Threatened Habitats of Guinea.
The area has extensive iron ore deposits and a mining concession has been granted by the government to Rio Tinto. A Social and Environmental Impact Assessment (SEIA) was carried out between 2005 and 2011 and was submitted to government in 2012. A management plan was agreed by the government in 2010, the area is locally managed by the Centre for the Management of the Environment of the Nimba and Simandou Mountains (CEGENS).

Botanical significance

The Simandou range is of a similar age to the Nimba Mountains and has many shared species in both the submontane forest and submontane ferralitic bowal. Recent studies in the southern Simandou Mountains have documented more than 1,400 plant species including c. 40 threatened species, ranging from Critically Endangered (CR) to Vulnerable (VU), many of which will be impacted by the mining concession. The transition zone between the submontane forest and ferralitic bowal grassland has many rare and endangered plant species, such as Lipotriche tithonioides and Acalypha guineensis. The submontane grassland has a high species diversity with many endangered species (e.g. Xysmalobium samoritourei, Dissotis (Anaheterotis) pobeguinii, Rhytachne glabra, and Kotschya lutea). It also hosts the one and only globally endemic species to Pic de Fon, Eriosema triformum. There is also some high-altitude bowal with temporary seepage or swamp areas with Kotschya micrantha, Nemum bulbostyloides, and Utricularia spp. Some species historically also found in the Fouta Djallon and Simandou (e.g. Keetia futa and Habenaria jaegeri) are no longer present in the Fouta Djallon and therefore the Simandou mountains are the last refuge for these species in Guinea.

Habitat and geology

The Simandou Mountains represent a rift area of the early Proterozoic era, similar in age and structure to the Nimba range intrusion. The range comprises itabirite, quartzite, and other schists emplaced onto a terrain of tonalitic granite-gneiss, migmatite and sedimentary gneisses. There is a significant iron ore deposit along the ridge top which is in the forms of haematites and goethites enriched from long-term leaching and weathering processes.

Conservation issues

There are several current threats to the southern Simandou Mountains. See below for further details.

The mine will occupy a total area of approximately 6,400 hectares (ha), including safety and security zones around the works. Within this area, a total of approximately 3,750ha will be occupied by the mine pits, waste emplacements, other developed areas, roads, and conveyors. The remaining area will not be cleared of vegetation but will be under the management of the Mine Operations team and will not be available for social or commercial use by the public (Simandou SEIA. Volume I. Mine. 2012).

A detailed SEIA was carried out between 2005 and 2011 to support a plan to minimise the impact of mining on all aspects of the environment. In the report, vegetation types are given a value based on specific criteria relating to distribution and diversity. Submontane lateritic (ferralitic) bowal (grassland), submontane forest, submontane forest-grassland (ferralitic bowal), transition areas, and high-altitude bowal with swamps are all labelled as high-value habitats. It has been previously proposed by Simfer/Rio Tinto that the forest on the western side and the area at Dabatini peak would be left as conservation areas. However, the current mine footprint will remove half of the known population of the Critically Endangered and globally unique Eriosema triformum. The status of the mine is currently unknown, but there has been reduction in activity since 2015.

There is a management plan in place which implicates community-led conservation organisations, Centre Forestière de Nzérékoré, and CEGENS, with support from Simfer/Rio Tinto. The total area under management is 16,887ha (66.9% of the total forested area). There is a core Protected Area with restricted access of 8,839ha (35% of the total area of the Classified Forest). There is also a ‘production zone’ of 8,048ha (31.9 % of the total area of the Classified Forest). (Pic de Fon Management Plan. 2010).Lack of on-the-ground protection from the managing authorities has led to increased forest destruction within the Classified Forest from artisanal diamond mining, visible via Google Earth imagery.

The TIPA will take into account that there is a mining concession within the proposed area, but that the mining company should work to minimise damage to the identified high-value vegetation types.

Site assessor(s)

Charlotte Couch, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Martin Cheek, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Xander van der Burgt, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

IPA criterion A species

Species Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 1% of global population ≥ 5% of national population 1 of 5 best sites nationally Entire global population Socio-economically important Abundance at site
Lipotriche tithonioides (Aké Assi) D.J.N.Hind A(i) True True True False False Common
Acalypha guineensis J.K. Morton & G.A.Lavin A(i) True True True False False Common
Kotschya lutea (Portères) Hepper A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Garcinia afzelii Engl. A(i) False False False False True Scarce
Pavetta lasioclada (K.Krause) Mildbr. ex. Bremek. A(i) True False True False False Scarce
Polystachya orophila Stévart & E.Bidault A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Rhytachne glabra (Gledhill) Clayton A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Dorstenia astyanactis Aké Assi A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Amorphophallus abyssinicus (A.Rich.) N.E.Br. subsp. akeassii Ittenb. A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Kotschya micrantha (Harms) Hepper A(i) True True True False False Common
Nemum bulbostyloides (Hooper) J.Raynal A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Milicia regia (A.Chev.) C.C.Berg A(i) False False False False True Scarce
Cryptosepalum tetraphyllum (Hook.f.) Benth. A(i) True False True False False Frequent
Isoglossa dispersa I.Darbysh. & L.J.Pearce A(i) True True True False False Common
Brachystephanus oreacanthus Champl. A(i) True True True False False Common
Utricularia macrocheilos (P.Taylor) P.Taylor A(i), A(iii) True False False False False Scarce
Entandrophragma angolense (Welw.) C.DC. A(i) False False False False True Scarce
Entandrophragma candollei Harms A(i) False False False False True Scarce
Garcinia kola Heckel A(i) False False False False True Scarce
Cola angustifolia K.Schum. A(i) True False False False False Occasional
Drypetes afzelii (Pax) Hutch. A(i) True False False False False Frequent
Copaifera salikounda Heckel A(i) False False False False True Scarce
Afzelia africana Sm. ex Pers. A(i) False False False False True Frequent
Khaya grandifoliola C.DC. A(i) False False False False True Scarce
Pavetta platycalyx Bremek. A(i) True False False False False Scarce
Nauclea diderrichii (De Wild. & T.Durand) Merrill A(i) False False False False True Frequent
Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn.f. A(i) False False False False True Scarce
Anopyxis klaineana (Pierre) Engl. A(i) False False False False True Scarce
Gladiolus praecostatus Marais A(i) True True True False False Common
Habenaria jaegeri Summerh. A(i) True True True False False Common
Eriosema triformum Burgt A(i) True True True True False Common
Xysmalobium samoritourei Goyder A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Psychotria samoritourei Cheek A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Mitragyna stipulosa (DC.) Kuntze A(i) False False False False True Unknown
Anubias gracilis A.Chev. ex Hutch. A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Dissotis pobeguinii Hutch. & Dalziel A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Mikaniopsis tedliei (Oliv. & Hiern) C.D.Adams A(i) True True True False False Occasional
Leplaea cedrata (A.Chev.) E.J.M.Koenen & J.J.F.E.de Wilde A(i) False False False False True Scarce
Keetia futa Cheek A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Amorphophallus abyssinicus (A.Rich.) N.E.Br. subsp. akeassii Ittenb. A(i) False False False False False Scarce
Nemum bulbostyloides (Hooper) J.Raynal A(i) False False False False False Frequent
Cryptosepalum tetraphyllum (Hook.f.) Benth. A(i) False False False False False Common

Lipotriche tithonioides (Aké Assi) D.J.N.Hind

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Common

Acalypha guineensis J.K. Morton & G.A.Lavin

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Common

Kotschya lutea (Portères) Hepper

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Garcinia afzelii Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Pavetta lasioclada (K.Krause) Mildbr. ex. Bremek.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Polystachya orophila Stévart & E.Bidault

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Rhytachne glabra (Gledhill) Clayton

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Dorstenia astyanactis Aké Assi

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Amorphophallus abyssinicus (A.Rich.) N.E.Br. subsp. akeassii Ittenb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Kotschya micrantha (Harms) Hepper

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Common

Nemum bulbostyloides (Hooper) J.Raynal

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Milicia regia (A.Chev.) C.C.Berg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Cryptosepalum tetraphyllum (Hook.f.) Benth.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Isoglossa dispersa I.Darbysh. & L.J.Pearce

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Common

Brachystephanus oreacanthus Champl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Common

Utricularia macrocheilos (P.Taylor) P.Taylor

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Entandrophragma angolense (Welw.) C.DC.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Entandrophragma candollei Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Garcinia kola Heckel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Cola angustifolia K.Schum.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Drypetes afzelii (Pax) Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Copaifera salikounda Heckel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Afzelia africana Sm. ex Pers.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Khaya grandifoliola C.DC.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Pavetta platycalyx Bremek.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Nauclea diderrichii (De Wild. & T.Durand) Merrill

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Anopyxis klaineana (Pierre) Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Gladiolus praecostatus Marais

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Common

Habenaria jaegeri Summerh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Common

Eriosema triformum Burgt

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Common

Xysmalobium samoritourei Goyder

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Psychotria samoritourei Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Mitragyna stipulosa (DC.) Kuntze

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Anubias gracilis A.Chev. ex Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Dissotis pobeguinii Hutch. & Dalziel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Mikaniopsis tedliei (Oliv. & Hiern) C.D.Adams

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Leplaea cedrata (A.Chev.) E.J.M.Koenen & J.J.F.E.de Wilde

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Keetia futa Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Amorphophallus abyssinicus (A.Rich.) N.E.Br. subsp. akeassii Ittenb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Nemum bulbostyloides (Hooper) J.Raynal

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Cryptosepalum tetraphyllum (Hook.f.) Benth.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Common

IPA criterion C qualifying habitats

Habitat Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 5% of national resource ≥ 10% of national resource 1 of 5 best sites nationally Areal coverage at site
High Altitude Lateritic Bowal Grasslands C(iii) False True True
Guinean Highland Submontane Forest C(iii) False True True
West African Lowland Evergreen Forest C(iii) False True True

High Altitude Lateritic Bowal Grasslands

Qualifying sub-criterion:
C(iii)
≥ 5% of national resource:
False
≥ 10% of national resource:
True
Areal coverage at site:

Guinean Highland Submontane Forest

Qualifying sub-criterion:
C(iii)
≥ 5% of national resource:
False
≥ 10% of national resource:
True
Areal coverage at site:

West African Lowland Evergreen Forest

Qualifying sub-criterion:
C(iii)
≥ 5% of national resource:
False
≥ 10% of national resource:
True
Areal coverage at site:

General site habitats

General site habitat Percent coverage Importance
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest No value Minor
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest No value Major
Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude Grassland No value Major

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Minor

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Major

Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude Grassland

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Major

Land use types

Land use type Percent coverage Importance
Extractive industry No value Major
Agriculture (pastoral) No value Minor
Nature conservation No value Minor

Extractive industry

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Major

Agriculture (pastoral)

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Minor

Nature conservation

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Minor

Threats

Threat Severity Timing
Natural system modifications - Fire & fire suppression - Suppression in fire frequency/intensity Medium Ongoing - stable
Natural system modifications - Fire & fire suppression - Increase in fire frequency/intensity Medium Ongoing - stable
Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture High Ongoing - increasing
Agriculture & aquaculture - Livestock farming & ranching - Nomadic grazing Medium Ongoing - increasing
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases - Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Named species Unknown Ongoing - increasing
Energy production & mining - Mining & quarrying High Ongoing - increasing
Energy production & mining - Mining & quarrying High Future - planned activity

Natural system modifications - Fire & fire suppression - Suppression in fire frequency/intensity

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - stable

Natural system modifications - Fire & fire suppression - Increase in fire frequency/intensity

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - stable

Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture

Severity:
High
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Agriculture & aquaculture - Livestock farming & ranching - Nomadic grazing

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases - Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Named species

Severity:
Unknown
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Energy production & mining - Mining & quarrying

Severity:
High
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Energy production & mining - Mining & quarrying

Severity:
High
Timing:
Future - planned activity

Protected areas

Protected area name Protected area type Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Pic de Fon Forêt Classé Classified Forest protected/conservation area overlaps with IPA No value

Pic de Fon Forêt Classé

Protected area type:
Classified Forest
Relationship with IPA:
protected/conservation area overlaps with IPA
Areal overlap:
No value

Management type

Management type Description Year started Year finished
Site management plan in place Plan d’Aménagement et Plan de Gestion de la Forêt Classée du Pic de Fon 2010 2030

Site management plan in place

Plan d’Aménagement et Plan de Gestion de la Forêt Classée du Pic de Fon
Year started:
2010
Year finished:
2030

Bibliography

Couch, C., Magassouba, S., Rokni, S. & Cheek, M., 2018

Threatened plants species of Guinea-Conakry: A preliminary checklist

Peerj Preprints

IUCN, 2019

IUCN Red List

Available online

Rio Tinto, 2012

Simandou Social and Environmental Impact Assessments (SEIA)

Available online

Diakite, D, Diallo, M.S. & Ekstrom, J., 2013

Pic de Fon Management Plan

Available online

Recommended citation

Charlotte Couch, Martin Cheek, Xander van der Burgt (2024) Tropical Important Plant Areas Explorer: Southern Simandou Mountains (Guinea). https://tipas.kew.org/site/southern-simandou-mountains/ (Accessed on 27/05/2024)