Proposed Moyen Bafing National Park

National du Moyen Bafing

GUITIPA013
Proposed Moyen Bafing National Park

Country: Guinea

Administrative region: Dinguiraye (Prefecture)

Central co-ordinates: 11.54056 N, 11.23417 W

Area: 6426.17km²

Qualifying IPA Criteria

A(i)Site contains one or more globally threatened species, B(ii)Site contains an exceptional number of species of high conservation importance, C(iii)Site contains nationally threatened or restricted habitat or vegetation types, AND/OR habitats that have severely declined in extent nationally

IPA assessment rationale

The proposed Moyen Bafing National Park (MBNP) has 19 threatened species present across different vegetation types. It is the only known location where two Global endemic species are known to survive (Barleria asterotricha and Dissotis linearis) and has important populations of the globally threatened species Lipotriche felicis, Cyathula pobeguinii, Macropodiella garrettii, Danthoniopsis chevalieri and Leocus pobeguinii for which Moyen Bafing contains the only known records (or the only known recent records). Four potential new species have been identified in 2018, all of which are likely to prove critically endangered and potentially globally endemic to Moyen Bafing. In addition, three additional new records for Guinea were discovered. The landscape is under severe pressure from the large local population within the park and the sizeable herds of cattle.

Site description

The proposed Moyen Bafing National Park (MBNP) is in the north-east of the Fouta Djallon, straddling the prefectures of Tougué and Dinguiraye. The area extends southwards from the Mali border and encompasses six Classified Forests. It covers a large section of the Bafing river catchment, tributaries of the Falémé river, as well as the Koukoutamba and Téné rivers in the southern part of the park. It is a matrix of vegetation types, including lateritic bowal (bauxite based), wooded grassland, and woodland. It has an altitudinal range of 500m and the highest point (935m) is in the south of the park, at Kourousansan. The rivers have a number of cascades and rapid sections which are home to rare Podostemaceae. It has been designated largely for the large population of Chimpanzees (a population of 3,715 mature individuals) present, as well as other large mammals found predominantly in gallery forest and woodland within the park (listed as priority vegetation types for management in the park). There are 233 villages, 7 hamlets, and 15 camps within the provisional park boundary. This area is made up of three protected zones (ZIP, ZGR, and ZD).

Botanical significance

Three botanical expeditions to the MBNP in 2018 have shown that, despite the fragmented and highly disturbed nature of the vegetation, there are 19 threatened species present, found across a range of habitat types. In the rapids and cascades, five species of Podostemaceae have been found. In addition, the park has the largest global populations of Barleria asterotricha (EN) and Dissotis linearis (EN), both endemic to Guinea. A recent collection of Lipotriche felicis (EN) was the first collection in Guinea since 1937, and only the third collection globally. There were four potential new species and three new records for Guinea identified in November 2018. The whole park has not been surveyed, so it is possible that more threatened species could be discovered with further surveys.

Habitat and geology

The geology is mostly sandstone, argillite interlayered with limestone, and silica with igneous intrusions. It has a matrix of grassland including lateritic bowal (mostly bauxite based), wooded grassland, and woodland, with small areas of gallery forest. Several large rivers run through the park (Bafing, Koukoutamba, Téné – tributaries of the Falémé in the north and the Bakoun and Kokoun in the centre), with many tributaries and temporary rivers feeding into them. The length of the hydrological network within the park is 4,214km, including 148km of the Bafing River.

Conservation issues

Due to the large human population (c. 67,000 people) within the park, there are significant threats from clearance for fields and cattle grazing. In addition, there are small-scale mining activities and the setting of uncontrolled fires. There are large herds of Ndama cattle across the park and this leads to burning of the grassland for pasture. The increased frequency of burning has almost certainly influenced the species diversity. Some of the bowal areas are also threatened from gravel extraction on a local scale and are also potential sites of mining activities (bauxite). The alluvial areas are also potential sites for gold panning. The potential construction of a hydroelectric dam at the Koukoutamba Falls on the Bafing river (a tributary of the Senegal river) will cause considerable damage to both the populations of threatened Podostemaceae species and threatened habitats. It is predicted that the reservoir for the dam will cover 3.5% of the southern part of the park. The park itself will protect 24% of the hydrological network that will feed the hydroelectric dam.

Ecosystem services

Provisioning, Habitat for species.

Site assessor(s)

Charlotte Couch, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Denise Molmou, Herbier National de Guinee/ Simfer

Arnaud Gotanegre, Wild Chimpanzee Foundataion

Martin Cheek, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Pacifique Kizila, Wild Chimpanzee Foundataion

Melanie Sottocasa, Wild Chimpanzee Foundataion

Camille Reider, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (WCF)

IPA criterion A species

Species Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 1% of global population ≥ 5% of national population 1 of 5 best sites nationally Entire global population Socio-economically important Abundance at site
Barleria asterotricha Benoist A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Mesanthemum tuberosum Lecomte A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Cyathula pobeguinii Jacq.-Fél. A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Lipotriche felicis (C.D.Adams) D.J.N.Hind A(i) True True True False False Occasional
Leocus pobeguinii (Hutch. & Dalziel) J.K.Morton A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Afzelia africana Sm. ex Pers. A(i) False False False False True Frequent
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir. A(i) False False False False True Common
Acridocarpus spectabilis (Nied.) Doorn-Hoekm. A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Dissotis linearis Jacq.-Fél. A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Khaya senegalensis A.Juss. A(i) False False False False True Common
Embelia djalonensis A.Chev. ex Hutch. & Dalziel A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Inversodicraea koukoutamba Cheek A(i) True True True False False Abundant
Stonesia taylorii C.Cusset A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Inversodicraea harrisii (C.Cusset) Cheek A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Lebbiea grandiflora Cheek A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Pavetta lasioclada (K.Krause) Mildbr. ex. Bremek. A(i) True False True False False Frequent
Vitellaria paradoxa C.F.Gaertn. A(i) False False False False True Common
Macropodiella garrettii (C. H. Wright) C.Cusset A(iv) True True True False False Frequent
Calophyllum africanum Cheek & Q.Luke A(i) False True True False True Frequent
Barleria maclaudii Benoist A(i) False True True False False Scarce

Barleria asterotricha Benoist

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Mesanthemum tuberosum Lecomte

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Cyathula pobeguinii Jacq.-Fél.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Lipotriche felicis (C.D.Adams) D.J.N.Hind

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Leocus pobeguinii (Hutch. & Dalziel) J.K.Morton

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Afzelia africana Sm. ex Pers.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Common

Acridocarpus spectabilis (Nied.) Doorn-Hoekm.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Dissotis linearis Jacq.-Fél.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Khaya senegalensis A.Juss.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Common

Embelia djalonensis A.Chev. ex Hutch. & Dalziel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Inversodicraea koukoutamba Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Abundant

Stonesia taylorii C.Cusset

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Inversodicraea harrisii (C.Cusset) Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Lebbiea grandiflora Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Pavetta lasioclada (K.Krause) Mildbr. ex. Bremek.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Vitellaria paradoxa C.F.Gaertn.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Common

Macropodiella garrettii (C. H. Wright) C.Cusset

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Calophyllum africanum Cheek & Q.Luke

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Barleria maclaudii Benoist

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

IPA criterion C qualifying habitats

Habitat Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 5% of national resource ≥ 10% of national resource 1 of 5 best sites nationally Areal coverage at site
Waterfalls and Rapids C(iii) False True True 877
High Altitude Sandstone Bowal Grasslands C(iii) False True True

Waterfalls and Rapids

Qualifying sub-criterion:
C(iii)
≥ 5% of national resource:
False
≥ 10% of national resource:
True
Areal coverage at site:
877

High Altitude Sandstone Bowal Grasslands

Qualifying sub-criterion:
C(iii)
≥ 5% of national resource:
False
≥ 10% of national resource:
True
Areal coverage at site:

General site habitats

General site habitat Percent coverage Importance
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry Forest No value Minor
Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded Lowland Grassland No value Major
Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude Grassland No value Major
Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers, Streams, Creeks [includes waterfalls] No value Major
Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers, Streams, Creeks No value Minor
Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools [under 8 ha] No value Minor

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry Forest

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Minor

Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded Lowland Grassland

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Major

Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude Grassland

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Major

Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers, Streams, Creeks [includes waterfalls]

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Major

Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers, Streams, Creeks

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Minor

Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools [under 8 ha]

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Minor

Land use types

Land use type Percent coverage Importance
Nature conservation No value Major
Agriculture (arable) No value Minor
Agriculture (pastoral) No value Major
Industrial development No value Unknown
Extractive industry No value Minor

Nature conservation

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Major

Agriculture (arable)

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Minor

Agriculture (pastoral)

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Major

Industrial development

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Unknown

Extractive industry

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Minor

Threats

Threat Severity Timing
Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Medium Ongoing - stable
Agriculture & aquaculture - Livestock farming & ranching - Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming High Ongoing - increasing
Natural system modifications - Fire & fire suppression - Increase in fire frequency/intensity High Ongoing - increasing
Energy production & mining - Mining & quarrying Medium Future - planned activity
Energy production & mining - Renewable energy High Future - planned activity

Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - stable

Agriculture & aquaculture - Livestock farming & ranching - Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming

Severity:
High
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Natural system modifications - Fire & fire suppression - Increase in fire frequency/intensity

Severity:
High
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Energy production & mining - Mining & quarrying

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Future - planned activity

Energy production & mining - Renewable energy

Severity:
High
Timing:
Future - planned activity

Protected areas

Protected area name Protected area type Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Moyen Bafing National Park National Park protected/conservation area matches IPA 6426

Moyen Bafing National Park

Protected area type:
National Park
Relationship with IPA:
protected/conservation area matches IPA
Areal overlap:
6426

Management type

Management type Description Year started Year finished
Site management plan in place The Guinean government authorised the process of creation for the proposed MBNP in 2017, by a ministerial decree. The TIPA is encompassed by the protected area. A 2018-2020 action plan is available and will lead to a development and management plan by the end of 2020. 2018 2020

Site management plan in place

The Guinean government authorised the process of creation for the proposed MBNP in 2017, by a ministerial decree. The TIPA is encompassed by the protected area. A 2018-2020 action plan is available and will lead to a development and management plan by the end of 2020.
Year started:
2018
Year finished:
2020

Bibliography

Couch, C., Magassouba, S., Rokni, S. & Cheek, M., 2018

Threatened plants species of Guinea-Conakry: A preliminary checklist

Peerj Preprints

IUCN, 2019

IUCN Red List

Available online

Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, 2018

Plan d’action du projet de création du Parc national du Moyen-Bafing. Version 4.

Couch, C., Cheek, M. & Molmou, D., 2018-2019

Trois Rapports de terrain préparés pour Wild Chimpanzee Foundation

Recommended citation

Charlotte Couch, Denise Molmou, Arnaud Gotanegre, Martin Cheek, Pacifique Kizila, Melanie Sottocasa, Camille Reider (2024) Tropical Important Plant Areas Explorer: Moyen Bafing National Park (Guinea). https://tipas.kew.org/site/proposed-moyen-bafing-national-park/ (Accessed on 21/05/2024)