Mount Kupe

CMNTIPA028
Mount Kupe

Country: Cameroon

Administrative region: Southwest (Region)

Central co-ordinates: 4.81000 N, 9.71000 E

Area: 146km²

Qualifying IPA Criteria

A(i)Site contains one or more globally threatened species

IPA assessment rationale

The very large number of threatened and endemic taxa recorded at Mount Kupe easily qualify it as a potential IPA under criterion A(i). At least five threatened species are considered endemic to the site. The site would also almost certainly qualify under criterion B(i) or B(ii) due to the very high number of species from the submontane forest habitat type or the high number of restricted range or nationally endemic species. It might also potentially qualify under criterion B(iii) for its diversity of socially, economically or culturally important species. Furthermore, the areas of submontane and montane forests are likely amongst the most important areas of these habitat type in Cameroon and the wider West and Central Africa region, potentially qualifying the site under criterion C(ii) or C(iii).

Site description

Mount Kupe is a 2000 m high forested mountain located approximately 100 km from the Atlantic coast and spanning Southwest and Littoral regions of Cameroon. It lies between the N5 Douala-Bafoussam and N8 LImbe-Mamfe roads, close to the towns of Loum, Tombei and Manjo. Within the foothills of the mountain there are two forest reserves that are included here within the proposed IPA boundary: Manehas Forest Reserve to the north and Loum Forest Reserve to the South. Mount Kupe has been proposed as an Integral Ecological Reserve covering 4,676 ha (Wild 2004). However, this has not been officially gazetted. The IPA area incorporates the proposed protected area and extends beyond this to include populations of other important taxa.

Botanical significance

Mt Kupe forms a link in the chain of Afromontane vegetation sites along the Cameroon Volcanic Line, one of the few points in West or Central Africa reaching above 2000 m and therefore featuring genuine montane vegetation as well as the naturally more extensive but now highly threatened submontane habitat (White, 1983; Cheek et al., 2004). Compared to neighbouring sites (Mt Manengouba, Mt Nlonako, the Mwenzekong Mts of Banyang Mbo and the Mwendolengo Mts and Edib Hills of Bakossi National Park), Mt Kupe has benefitted from much greater concentration of collecting effort (Cheek et al., 2004). This has revealed a very high number of threatened and geographically restricted species within the c.50 km2 of the proposed ecological reserve or the c 150 km2 proposed here as an IPA. Most of the diversity is from the submontane forest, which has been considerably reduced in extent by anthropic activity, but the naturally less rich montane forest also contains rare endemic species. Twelve species are narrowly endemic to the site: Lefebvrea kupense, Brachystephanus kupensis, Bulbophyllum jaapii, Cola etugei, Polystachya kupensis, Ardisia alabastro-alata, Afrothismia kupensis, Vepris Zapfacki, Stachyanthus cuneatus, Beilschmiedia crassipes, Memecylon kupeanum, Cyperus nicrocristatus. Cheek et al. (2004, p78) give a higher number of 26 taxa - this includes some that undescribed taxa that are not included here (Cheek et al., 2019). Numerous other species are endemic to the Kupe-Bakossi area. Of the >120 threatened species listed here, no less than 17 are Critically Endangered.
Mt Kupe and the Bakossi mountains are also of significance as part of a postulated glacial refugium where evergreen forest species were able to survive the colder, drier conditions at higher altitude but, isolated from other populations, may have diverged. Species with poor dispersal ability, such as yellow-flowered begonias, are thought to have subsequently remained restricted to such areas (Sosef, 1994; Sosef, 1996; Cheek, 2004). A large number of such species have been described from the Kupe-Bakossi area (Cheek, 2004).
Some species recorded by Ledermann from Lom, which appears to be Loum (Hepper, 1978) are included here although possibly extinct due to loss of lowland forest around the town. These include Beilschmiedia crassipes (CR), Stachyanthus cuneatus (CR), Thyrsosalacia racemosa (VU) and Scaphopetalum pallidinerve. Others such as Crotonogyne impedita (CR) have been more recently re-rerecorded at the site.

Habitat and geology

Although the terrain of the entire Kupe-Bakossi-Manengouba area is linked to the Cameroon Line geological fault where the Congo craton and the West African plate meet, there is geological variation between the various mountains. Several phases of geological activity are responsible (Cheek et al., 2020; Wild, 2004). Mt Kupe is a synenitic horst of basement complex rocks (or possibly more recent intrusive material) uplifted in the early Eocene (Lamilen et al., 1989 cited by Pouclet et al., 2014; Enang et al., 2020). This is overlain by more recent basaltic and pyroclastic rocks from late Pliocene to late Pleistocene eruptions, which have weathered into highly fertile soils (Enang et al., 2020).
The volcanic terrain gives rise to andosols in much of this area although there is much local variation (Wild, 2004). More clayey nitisols are predominant to the west and ferralsols to the east and north of the area, and these may also feature in non-volcanic parts of the Kupe-Bakossi zone (Ngachi et al., 1992; Yerima & Ranst, 2005). Sieffermann (1973) described fertile andosoils and brown eutrophic soils on the lower eastern slopes that are important to farming. These soils are porous and well-drained, rich in organic matter and with high nutrient availability (Wild, 2004). Enang et al. (2020) suggests andosols and cambisols derived from pyroclastic parent rocks are dominant, particularly on the western slopes, with stratification and erratic variation of physical and chemical properties. This micro-variation might partly explain the high plant diversity. The topsoils are slighly acidic (pH 5) and subsoils around pH 6.5 (Wild, 2004).
The whole region has high precipitation, augmented by horizontal precipitation which probably mitigates against reduced dry season rainfall. Southwestern Kupe is particularly wet, with up to 6-7 m possible (Cheek et al., 2020) and 4 m mean recorded at Nyasoso, compared to 3 m from Loum to the southeast and 2.8 m from Nkongsamba to the northeast (Wild 2004, adapted from Ejedepang-Koge, 1986). Temperature varies little seasonally around 23-24 °C and daily gradients, influenced by altitude are much greater.
Cloud cover is less stable than in the Bakossi Mts or Mt Manengouba, and cloud forest—characterised by enveloping mist, stunted trees and abundant epiphytes, mosses and ferns—is less developed and descends less far (to around 1,300 m) (Wild, 2004). The eastern flanks of Mt Kupe provide a tributary of the Wouri river.
A variety of vegetation types are present. There is a small area of semi-deciduous lowland forest in the degraded Loum reserve and lowland evergreen forest would cover much of the remaining area below 800 m but is much cleared for farming. The submontane forest is most abundant but also encroached at lower levels: in 2001 up to 1,500 m on the eastern side and up to 750–1,100 m on the western and northern sides (Birdlife, 2020), with subsequent additional clearance (ERuDeF, 2016). Montane forest, cliff-faces and inselbergs, montane grassland and seasonal streams are other important habitats (Cheek et al., 2004).

Conservation issues

Loum and Manehas forest reserves were created by the British colonial administration (Wild, 2004). Manehas is still a protected forest reserve but Loum forest reserve appears not to be demarcated on any administrative maps and has been badly degraded and partially absorbed into the Loum urban area (MINFOF & WRI, 2020). The upper submontane and montane forest area of Mt Koupe has been proposed as a 4,676 ha Integratated Ecological Sanctuary, having the same degree of protection as a National Park, but this has not been gazetted, despite local support and the clear biological significance of the site (Wild, 2004). There has been considerable degradation of the lowland and lower submontane forest from continuing smallscale logging and conversion to farmland, which has been renewed following the withdrawal of international NGOs faced with the stalled gazettement status (ERUDEF, 2016). Although highly fertile, the soils are quickly degraded due to the high precipitation and steep slopes, potentially leading to soil erosion, landslides and abandoned land where diverse forest may struggle to return (Yerima & Ranst, 2005; Zogng et al., 2006; Mukenga et al., 2016; ). Cooperation of local groups to protect watersheds has reportedly broken down, with renewed land conversion threatening water supply to 20 villages (ERUDEF, 2016). Extensive areas to the east and south of the site, around Tombel, Loum and Manjo have been cleared for agro-plantation (MINFOF & WRI, 2020; GoogleEarth, 2021). As, indicated by the development plan for the Tombel agglomeration, local populations are overwhelmingly employed in agriculture (PNDP, 2011). Although historically Mt Kupe has been a sacred site to the Bakossi people, traditions and taboos that protect such sites have begun to break down and may be opposed by immigrant populations drawn to the rich soil and agro-plantation employment (Chuo, A. & Angwafo, T., 2017; Ngea, 2006).
Formal gazettement with active management is urgently needed to preserve this very important site. Forest corridors linking the proposed integral reserve with neighbouring sites must be maintained or restored to ensure genetic exchange and migratory routes. The site has great potential for eco- and wildlife-tourism which has languished following withdrawal of international NGOs (ERuDeF, 2016). Conservation is, however, strongly supported by local elders (Ngea, 2005).

Ecosystem services

The remaining forest supports important faunal populations. The avian fauna has attracted ornithological tourism and led to Birdlife International instigating the Mount Kupe Forest Project. The Mt Kupe Bush Shrike (Chlorophoneus kupeensis, EN), considered endemic until subsequent populations were found in the Bakossi mountains and in Nigeria, is one of 330 bird species recorded from Mt Kupe. There is also a rich diversity of reptiles and amphibians, while Chimpanzees and Drills are amongst the mammalian fauna Kupe (Wild, 2004; Wild et al., 2005).

Local support for conservation has been partly motivated by concern over water supplies in nearby villages (Williams et al., 2004; ERUDEF, 2016). Deforestation of the slopes threatens the dry season supply because cloud forest vegetation creates orographic and horizontal (or "occult") precipitation, as well as buffering heavy rains (Williams, 2004; Wild, 2004). Furthermore, loss of vegetation will likely diminish water clarity and quality downstream due to soil erosion. Loss of soil and nutrients and landslides are also major concerns arising from upland deforestation at such sites (Zogning et al., 2006; Yerima & Ranst, 2005).
As well as water, local people rely on the remaining forest for a variety of food and medicines, firewood and building materials (ERuDeF, 2016).
The Mt Kupe forest is the most important of all sacred sites for the Bakossi people, with huge spiritual significance as a taboo place where ancestors commune. Its cultural signifcance extends in fact beyond the Bakossi people and even to French Cameroon and the Igbo of Nigeria (pers. comm. J-M Onana, 2021; Wild, 2004).

Site assessor(s)

Bruce Murphy, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Jean Michel Onana, University of Yaounde I, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant Biology; IRAD-Herbier National Camerounais

Martin Cheek, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

IPA criterion A species

Species Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 1% of global population ≥ 5% of national population 1 of 5 best sites nationally Entire global population Socio-economically important Abundance at site
Lefebvrea kupense (I.Darbysh. & Cheek) Cheek & I.Darbysh. A(i) True True True True False
Brachystephanus kupeensis Champl. A(i) True True True True False
Bulbophyllum jaapii Szlach. & Olszewski A(i) True True True True False
Afrothismia kupensis Cheek & S.A.Williams A(i) True True True True False
Begonia bonus-henricus J.J.de Wilde A(i) True True True False False
Cyathula fernando-poensis Suess. & Friedrich A(i) True True True False False
Deinbollia onanae Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Begonia duncan-thomasii Sosef A(i) True True True False False
Leptonychia kamerunensis Engl. & K.Krause A(i) True True True False False
Quassia sanguinea Cheek & Jongkind A(i) True True True False False
Rhipidoglossum polydactylum (Kraenzl.) Garay A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria darwiniana Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Diospyros kupensis Gosline A(i) True True True False False
Kupeantha kupensis Cheek & Sonké A(i) True True True False False
Mussaenda epiphytica Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Kupea martinetugei Cheek & S.A.Williams A(i) True True True False False
Microcos magnifica Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Afrothismia saingei T.Franke A(i) True True True False False
Pavetta kupensis S.D.Manning A(i) True True True False False
Costus kupensis H.Maas & Maas A(i) True True True False False
Polystachya cooperi Summerh. A(i) True True True False False
Polystachya farinosa Kraenzl. A(i) True True True False False
Sclerochiton preussii (Lindau) C.B.Clarke A(i) True True True False False
Aneilema silvaticum Brenan A(i) False True True False False
Vepris lecomteana (Pierre) Cheek & T.Heller A(i) False True False False False
Aristolochia goldiena Hook.f A(i) False True True False False
Entandrophragma angolense (Welw.) C.DC. A(i) False False False False True
Khaya ivorensis A.Chev. A(i) False False False False True
Uvariopsis vanderystii Robyns & Ghesq. A(i) False True True False False
Dactyladenia johnstonei (Hoyle) Prance & F.White A(i) False True True False False
Crassocephalum bauchiense (Hutch.) Milne-Redh. A(i) True True True False False
Mikaniopsis vitalba (S.Moore) Milne-Redh. A(i) False True True False False
Dorstenia prorepens Engl. A(i) True True True False False
Begonia furfuracea Hook.f. A(i) True True True False False
Amorphophallus preussii (Engl.) N.E.Br. A(i) True True True False False
Mikaniopsis maitlandii C.D.Adams A(i) True True True False False
Allophylus conraui Gilg ex Radlk. A(i) True False True False False
Memecylon dasyanthum Gilg & Ledermann ex Engl. A(i) True False True False False
Uvariodendron giganteum (Engl.) R.E.Fr. A(i) True True True False False
Pyrenacantha cordicula Villiers A(i) True True True False False
Ardisia koupensis Taton A(i) True True True False False
Chazaliella obanensis (Wernham) Petit & Verdc. A(i) True True True False False
Rutidea nigerica Bridson A(i) True True True False False
Tricalysia atherura N.Hallé A(i) True True True False False
Bidens mannii T.G.J.Rayner A(i) True True False False False
Psydrax bridsonianus Cheek & Sonké A(i) True True True False False
Magnistipula conrauana Engl. A(i) False True False False False
Strychnos staudtii Gilg A(i) True False False False False
Polystachya bicalcarata Kraenzl. A(i) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum nigericum Summerh. A(i) True True True False False
Loesenera talbotii Baker f. A(i) True True False False False
Afrothismia fungiformis Sainge & Kenfack A(i) False False False False False
Entandrophragma cylindricum (Sprague) Sprague A(i) False False False False False
Cyperus microcristatus Lye A(i) True True True True False
Psychotria densinervia (K.Krause) Verdc. A(i), A(iii) False False False False False
Dorstenia astyanactis Aké Assi A(i) False True True False False
Hugonia macrophylla Oliv. A(i) False True True False False
Clerodendrum anomalum Letouzey A(i) False True True False False
Psychotria bakossiensis Cheek & Sonké A(i) True True True False False
Coffea bakossii Cheek & Bridson A(i) True True True False True
Dracaena kupensis Mwachala, Cheek, Eb.Fisch. & Muasya A(i) True True True False False
Begonia adpressa Sosef A(i) True True True False False
Begonia preussii Warb. A(i) True True True False False
Calochone acuminata Keay A(i) True True True False True
Xylopia africana (Benth.) Oliv. A(i) True True True False False
Pararistolochia ceropegioides (S.Moore) Hutch. & Dalziel A(i) True True True False False
Acanthopale decempedalis C.B.Clarke A(i) True True True False True
Hymenocoleus glaber Robbr. A(i) True True True False False
Oncoba lophocarpa Oliv. A(i) True True True False False
Anthocleista microphylla Wernham A(i) True True True False False
Begonia oxyanthera Warb. A(i) True True True False False
Cuviera talbotii (Wernham) Verdc. A(i) True True True False False
Staurogyne bicolor (Mildbr.) Champl. A(i) True True True False False
Afropectinariella pungens (Schltr.) M.Simo & Stévart A(i) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum teretifolium Schltr. A(i) True True True False False
Uvariopsis submontana Kenfack, Gosline & Gereau A(i) True True True False False
Afrothismia winkleri (Engl.) Schltr. A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Microberlinia bisulcata A.Chev. A(i) True False False False False
Peperomia kamerunana C.D.C A(i) True True True False False
Pseudagrostistachys africana subsp. africana A(i) True False True False False
Triclisia macrophylla Oliv. A(i) True True True False False
Vepris trifoliolata (Engl.) Mziray A(i) True True True False False
Mapania ferruginea Ridl. A(i) True True True False False
Asystasia glandulifera Lindau A(i) True True True False False
Brachystephanus longiflorus Lindau A(i) True True True False False
Justicia camerunensis (Heine) I.Darbysh. A(i) True True True False False
Momordica enneaphylla Cogn. A(i) True True True False False
Homalium hypolasium Mildbr. A(i) True True True False False
Anthocleista scandens Hook.f. A(i) True True True False False
Tiliacora lehmbachii Engl. A(i) True True True False False
Ixora foliosa Hiern A(i) True True True False False
Allophylus bullatus Radlk. A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Dracaena viridiflora Engl. & K.Krause A(i) True False True False False
Angraecum pyriforme Summerh. A(i) True True True False False
Disperis mildbraedii Schltr. ex Summerh. A(i) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum micropetalum Lindl. A(i) True True True False False
Habenaria thomana Rchb.f. A(i) True True True False False
Brachystephanus giganteus Champl. A(i) True True True False False
Chassalia laikomensis Cheek A(i), A(iii) True False True False False
Palisota preussiana K.Schum. ex C.B.Clarke A(i) True True False False False
Schefflera mannii (Hook.f.) Harms A(i) True False False False False
Phyllopentas ledermannii (K.Krause) Kårehed & B.Bremer A(i) True True True False False
Crotonogyne impedita Prain A(i) True True True False False
Bulbostylis densa (Wall.) Hand.-Mazz. var. cameroonensis S.S.Hooper A(i) True True True False False
Polystachya kupensis P.J.Cribb & B.J.Pollard A(i) True True True True False
Angraecum sanfordii P.J.Cribb & B.J.Pollard A(i) True True True False False
Afzelia pachyloba Harms A(i) False False False False True
Mendoncia camerounensis Breteler & Wieringa A(i) True True True False False
Aframomum kamerunicum D.J.Harris & Wortley A(i) True True True False False
Pavetta cellulosa Bremek. A(ii) True True True False False
Hamilcoa zenkeri (Pax) Prain A(i) True False False False False
Memecylon kupeanum R.D.Stone, Ghogue & Cheek A(i) True True True True False
Cordia platythyrsa Baker A(i) False True True False True
Neoschumannia kamerunensis Schltr. A(i) True True True False False
Talbotiella ebo Mackinder & Wieringa A(i) True True True False False
Napoleonaea egertonii Baker f. A(i) True False False False False
Beilschmiedia crassipes (Engl. & K.Krause) Robyns & R.Wilczek A(i) True True True True False
Thyrsosalacia racemosa (Loes. ex Harms) N.Hallé A(i) True True True False False
Stachyanthus cuneatus Engl. A(i) True True True True False
Beilschmiedia preussioides Fouilloy & N.Hallé A(i), A(iv) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum josephi (Kuntze) Summerh. var. mahonii (Rolfe) J.J.Verm. A(i) False False True False False
Bulbophyllum summerhayesianum (Szlach. & Olszewski) Govaerts & J.M.H.Shaw A(i) True True True False False
Ardisia alabastroalata Taton A(i) True True True True False
Beilschmiedia cuspidata (K.Krause) Robyns & R.Wilczek A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria asterogramma O.Lachenaud A(i) True True True False False
Aframomum plicatum D.J.Harris & Wortley A(i) True True False False False
Anthonotha xanderi Breteler A(i) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum bifarium Hook.f. A(i) True True True False False
Chassalia petitiana Piesschaert A(i) True True True False False
Deinbollia insignis Hook.f. A(i) True True True False False
Dicranolepis polygaloides Gilg ex H.Pearson A(i) True True False False False
Heckeldora ledermannii (Harms) J.J. de Wilde A(i) True True True False False
Keetia bakossiorum Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Vepris onanae Cheek A(i), A(iv) True True True False False
Piptostigma goslineanum Ghogue, Sonké & Couvreur A(i) True True True False False
Tapinanthus preussii (Engl.) Tiegh. A(i) True False True False False
Triclisia macrophylla Oliv. A(i) True True True False False
Vepris zapfackii Cheek & Onana A(i), A(iv) True True True True False
Monanthotaxis glaucifolia (Hutch. & Dalziel) P.H.Hoekstra A(iv) False False False False False
Scaphopetalum pallidinerve Engl. & K.Krause A(iii) True True True True False

Lefebvrea kupense (I.Darbysh. & Cheek) Cheek & I.Darbysh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Brachystephanus kupeensis Champl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum jaapii Szlach. & Olszewski

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afrothismia kupensis Cheek & S.A.Williams

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia bonus-henricus J.J.de Wilde

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cyathula fernando-poensis Suess. & Friedrich

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia onanae Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia duncan-thomasii Sosef

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Leptonychia kamerunensis Engl. & K.Krause

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Quassia sanguinea Cheek & Jongkind

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rhipidoglossum polydactylum (Kraenzl.) Garay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria darwiniana Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Diospyros kupensis Gosline

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Kupeantha kupensis Cheek & Sonké

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Mussaenda epiphytica Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Kupea martinetugei Cheek & S.A.Williams

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Microcos magnifica Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afrothismia saingei T.Franke

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta kupensis S.D.Manning

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Costus kupensis H.Maas & Maas

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Polystachya cooperi Summerh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Polystachya farinosa Kraenzl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Sclerochiton preussii (Lindau) C.B.Clarke

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aneilema silvaticum Brenan

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vepris lecomteana (Pierre) Cheek & T.Heller

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aristolochia goldiena Hook.f

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Entandrophragma angolense (Welw.) C.DC.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Khaya ivorensis A.Chev.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Uvariopsis vanderystii Robyns & Ghesq.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dactyladenia johnstonei (Hoyle) Prance & F.White

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Crassocephalum bauchiense (Hutch.) Milne-Redh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Mikaniopsis vitalba (S.Moore) Milne-Redh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dorstenia prorepens Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia furfuracea Hook.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Amorphophallus preussii (Engl.) N.E.Br.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Mikaniopsis maitlandii C.D.Adams

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Allophylus conraui Gilg ex Radlk.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Memecylon dasyanthum Gilg & Ledermann ex Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariodendron giganteum (Engl.) R.E.Fr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pyrenacantha cordicula Villiers

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ardisia koupensis Taton

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Chazaliella obanensis (Wernham) Petit & Verdc.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rutidea nigerica Bridson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Tricalysia atherura N.Hallé

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bidens mannii T.G.J.Rayner

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psydrax bridsonianus Cheek & Sonké

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Magnistipula conrauana Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Strychnos staudtii Gilg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Polystachya bicalcarata Kraenzl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum nigericum Summerh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Loesenera talbotii Baker f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afrothismia fungiformis Sainge & Kenfack

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Entandrophragma cylindricum (Sprague) Sprague

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cyperus microcristatus Lye

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria densinervia (K.Krause) Verdc.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dorstenia astyanactis Aké Assi

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Hugonia macrophylla Oliv.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Clerodendrum anomalum Letouzey

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria bakossiensis Cheek & Sonké

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Coffea bakossii Cheek & Bridson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Dracaena kupensis Mwachala, Cheek, Eb.Fisch. & Muasya

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia adpressa Sosef

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia preussii Warb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Calochone acuminata Keay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Xylopia africana (Benth.) Oliv.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pararistolochia ceropegioides (S.Moore) Hutch. & Dalziel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Acanthopale decempedalis C.B.Clarke

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Hymenocoleus glaber Robbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Oncoba lophocarpa Oliv.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Anthocleista microphylla Wernham

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia oxyanthera Warb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cuviera talbotii (Wernham) Verdc.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Staurogyne bicolor (Mildbr.) Champl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afropectinariella pungens (Schltr.) M.Simo & Stévart

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum teretifolium Schltr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariopsis submontana Kenfack, Gosline & Gereau

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afrothismia winkleri (Engl.) Schltr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Microberlinia bisulcata A.Chev.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Peperomia kamerunana C.D.C

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pseudagrostistachys africana subsp. africana

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Triclisia macrophylla Oliv.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vepris trifoliolata (Engl.) Mziray

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Mapania ferruginea Ridl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Asystasia glandulifera Lindau

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Brachystephanus longiflorus Lindau

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Justicia camerunensis (Heine) I.Darbysh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Momordica enneaphylla Cogn.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Homalium hypolasium Mildbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Anthocleista scandens Hook.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Tiliacora lehmbachii Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ixora foliosa Hiern

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Allophylus bullatus Radlk.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dracaena viridiflora Engl. & K.Krause

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Angraecum pyriforme Summerh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Disperis mildbraedii Schltr. ex Summerh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum micropetalum Lindl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Habenaria thomana Rchb.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Brachystephanus giganteus Champl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Chassalia laikomensis Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Palisota preussiana K.Schum. ex C.B.Clarke

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Schefflera mannii (Hook.f.) Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Phyllopentas ledermannii (K.Krause) Kårehed & B.Bremer

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Crotonogyne impedita Prain

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbostylis densa (Wall.) Hand.-Mazz. var. cameroonensis S.S.Hooper

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Polystachya kupensis P.J.Cribb & B.J.Pollard

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Angraecum sanfordii P.J.Cribb & B.J.Pollard

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afzelia pachyloba Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Mendoncia camerounensis Breteler & Wieringa

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aframomum kamerunicum D.J.Harris & Wortley

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta cellulosa Bremek.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(ii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Hamilcoa zenkeri (Pax) Prain

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Memecylon kupeanum R.D.Stone, Ghogue & Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cordia platythyrsa Baker

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Neoschumannia kamerunensis Schltr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Talbotiella ebo Mackinder & Wieringa

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Napoleonaea egertonii Baker f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Beilschmiedia crassipes (Engl. & K.Krause) Robyns & R.Wilczek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Thyrsosalacia racemosa (Loes. ex Harms) N.Hallé

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Stachyanthus cuneatus Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Beilschmiedia preussioides Fouilloy & N.Hallé

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum josephi (Kuntze) Summerh. var. mahonii (Rolfe) J.J.Verm.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum summerhayesianum (Szlach. & Olszewski) Govaerts & J.M.H.Shaw

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ardisia alabastroalata Taton

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Beilschmiedia cuspidata (K.Krause) Robyns & R.Wilczek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria asterogramma O.Lachenaud

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aframomum plicatum D.J.Harris & Wortley

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Anthonotha xanderi Breteler

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum bifarium Hook.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Chassalia petitiana Piesschaert

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia insignis Hook.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dicranolepis polygaloides Gilg ex H.Pearson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Heckeldora ledermannii (Harms) J.J. de Wilde

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Keetia bakossiorum Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vepris onanae Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Piptostigma goslineanum Ghogue, Sonké & Couvreur

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Tapinanthus preussii (Engl.) Tiegh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Triclisia macrophylla Oliv.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vepris zapfackii Cheek & Onana

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Monanthotaxis glaucifolia (Hutch. & Dalziel) P.H.Hoekstra

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Scaphopetalum pallidinerve Engl. & K.Krause

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Protected areas

Protected area name Protected area type Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Mt Kupe Integral Ecological Reserve (Proposed) National Reserve IPA encompasses protected/conservation area No value

Mt Kupe Integral Ecological Reserve (Proposed)

Protected area type:
National Reserve
Relationship with IPA:
IPA encompasses protected/conservation area
Areal overlap:
No value

Conservation designation

Designation name Protected area Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Mt Kupe IBA Important Bird Area protected/conservation area overlaps with IPA No value

Mt Kupe IBA

Protected area:
Important Bird Area
Relationship with IPA:
protected/conservation area overlaps with IPA
Areal overlap:
No value

Management type

Management type Description Year started Year finished
No management plan in place No value No value

No management plan in place

Year started:
No value
Year finished:
No value

Bibliography

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The catastrophic geomorphological processes in humid tropical Africa: A case study of the recent landslide disasters in Cameroon

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Spatial Analysis of the Landslide Risk in the Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL)

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Available online

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Revamping Conservation Groups for Greater Protection of the Proposed Mount Kupe Integral Ecological Reserve

Available online

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Picking up the shattered shreds of a sacred forest: Kupe Forest, Cameroon

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Ngea, P., 2005

Cameroon's chiefs invoke spirits to protect Kupe forests

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Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Kupe

Available online

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The Plants of Kupe, Mwanenenguba and the Bakossi Mountains, Cameroon: a conservation checklist

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The Plants of Kupe, Mwanenenguba and the Bakossi Mountains, Cameroon: a conservation checklist (pub. RBG, Kew), page(s) 75-80

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The Plants of Kupe, Mwanenenguba and the Bakossi Mountains, Cameroon: a conservation checklist (pub. RBG, Kew), page(s) 111-116

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Trace elements in Tephra Soils of Mounts Kupe and Manengouba (Cameroon)

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Refuge Begonias. Taxonomy, phylogeny and historical biogeography of Begonia sect. Loasibegonia and sect. Scutobegonia in relation to glacial rain forest refuges in Africa

Wageningen Agricultural University Papers, Vol 26(1), page(s) 1-306

Sosef, M., 1996

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The Biodiversity of African Plants (pub. Springer), page(s) 602-611 Available online

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Contribution à l’étude du complexe anorogénique du mont Koupé: un exemple de série alcaline incomplète. Thèse 3ème cycle, Univ. Yaoundé I, Cameroon, 169pp

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Recommended citation

Bruce Murphy, Jean Michel Onana, Martin Cheek (2024) Tropical Important Plant Areas Explorer: Mount Kupe (Cameroon). https://tipas.kew.org/site/mount-kupe/ (Accessed on 21/05/2024)