Kibale National Park

UGATIPA11
Kibale National Park

Country: Uganda

Administrative region: Western (Region)

Central co-ordinates: 0.42000 N, 30.37000 E

Area: 794km²

Qualifying IPA Criteria

A(i)Site contains one or more globally threatened species, B(ii)Site contains an exceptional number of species of high conservation importance, C(iii)Site contains nationally threatened or restricted habitat or vegetation types, AND/OR habitats that have severely declined in extent nationally

IPA assessment rationale

Kibale National Park qualifies as an IPA under criterion A(i) as it supports globally important populations of 18 taxa (1 Critically Endangered, 8 Endangered and 9 Vulnerable) including four that are unique to Kibale within the Ugandan IPA network: Rotheca violacea subsp. kigeziensis (CR), Aerangis jacksonii (EN), Albertisia exelliana (EN) and Dicliptera alternans (VU). In addition, it supports a nationally important population of Turraeanthus africana (VU). Further A(i) trigger species may be confirmed in the future, as Kibale is reported to contain populations of six further globally Vulnerable species, but their presence at the site requires confirmation, or in the case of Prunus africana, the importance of Kibale in a national context requires assessment given that species' broad range in Uganda.


Under criterion B, Kibale qualifies under B(ii) as it contains six species on the national list of species of high conservation value and so exceeds the 3% threshold.

Alongside species of conservation importance, Kibale CFR triggers criterion C(iii) as one of five best sites in Uganda for Lake Victoria drier peripheral semi-evergreen Guineo-Congolian rainforest. This habitat is assessed as Critically Endangered nationally and Kibale is an important opportuntity to protect this habitat, encompassing around 9% of the national resource.

Site description

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Botanical significance

Kibale CFR is one the best sites for nationally threatened habitat Lake Victoria drier peripheral semi-evergreen Guineo-Congolian rainforest. This habitat is now largely restricted to protected areas, although it is thought to have been previously more widespread, with Kibale representing one of the largest extents of this forest in Uganda.

Habitat and geology

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Conservation issues

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Ecosystem services

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Site assessor(s)

Iain Darbyshire, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Sophie Richards, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

IPA criterion A species

Species Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 1% of global population ≥ 5% of national population 1 of 5 best sites nationally Entire global population Socio-economically important Abundance at site
Aeglopsis eggelingii M.Taylor A(i) True True False False False Unknown
Aerangis jacksonii J.Stewart A(i) True True True False False Occasional
Albertisia exelliana (Troupin) Forman A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Balsamocitrus dawei Stapf A(i) True True False False False Occasional
Brachystephanus glaberrimus Champl. A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Cnestis mildbraedii Gilg A(i) False False False False False Unknown
Commelina zenkeri C.B.Clarke A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Dasylepis eggelingii J.B.Gillett A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Dicliptera alternans Lindau A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Disperis aphylla Kraenzl. ex De Wild. & T.Durand A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Eggelingia ligulifolia Summerh. A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Entandrophragma cylindricum (Sprague) Sprague A(i) False False False False False Unknown
Grewia ugandensis Sprague A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Leplaea cedrata (A.Chev.) E.J.M.Koenen & J.J.de Wilde A(i) False False False False False Unknown
Mimusops bagshawei S.Moore A(i) True True False False False Occasional
Pavetta bagshawei S.Moore var. leucosphaera (Bremek.) Bridson A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Polystachya fallax Kraenzl. A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Polystachya nyanzensis Rendle A(i) True True False False False Unknown
Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman A(i) False False False False False Occasional
Psychotria bagshawei E.M.A.Petit A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Rinorea beniensis Engl. A(i) False False False False False Unknown
Rotheca violacea (Gürke) Verdc. subsp. kigeziensis (Verdc.) Verdc. A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Tiliacora latifolia Troupin A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Turraeanthus africana (Welw. ex C.DC.) Pellegr. A(i) False True True False False Occasional
Zanthoxylum mildbraedii (Engl.) P.G.Waterman A(i) False False False False False Unknown

Aeglopsis eggelingii M.Taylor

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Aerangis jacksonii J.Stewart

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Albertisia exelliana (Troupin) Forman

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Balsamocitrus dawei Stapf

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Brachystephanus glaberrimus Champl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Cnestis mildbraedii Gilg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Commelina zenkeri C.B.Clarke

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Dasylepis eggelingii J.B.Gillett

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Dicliptera alternans Lindau

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Disperis aphylla Kraenzl. ex De Wild. & T.Durand

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Eggelingia ligulifolia Summerh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Entandrophragma cylindricum (Sprague) Sprague

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Grewia ugandensis Sprague

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Leplaea cedrata (A.Chev.) E.J.M.Koenen & J.J.de Wilde

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Mimusops bagshawei S.Moore

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Pavetta bagshawei S.Moore var. leucosphaera (Bremek.) Bridson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Polystachya fallax Kraenzl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Polystachya nyanzensis Rendle

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Psychotria bagshawei E.M.A.Petit

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Rinorea beniensis Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Rotheca violacea (Gürke) Verdc. subsp. kigeziensis (Verdc.) Verdc.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Tiliacora latifolia Troupin

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Turraeanthus africana (Welw. ex C.DC.) Pellegr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Zanthoxylum mildbraedii (Engl.) P.G.Waterman

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

IPA criterion C qualifying habitats

Habitat Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 5% of national resource ≥ 10% of national resource 1 of 5 best sites nationally Areal coverage at site
Lake Victoria drier peripheral semi-evergreen Guineo-Congolian rainforest (CR) C(iii) True False True 363.3

Lake Victoria drier peripheral semi-evergreen Guineo-Congolian rainforest (CR)

Qualifying sub-criterion:
C(iii)
≥ 5% of national resource:
True
≥ 10% of national resource:
False
Areal coverage at site:
363.3

General site habitats

General site habitat Percent coverage Importance
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest No value Major

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:
Major

Land use types

Land use type Percent coverage Importance
Nature conservation 100 Major

Nature conservation

Percent coverage:
100
Importance:
Major

Protected areas

Protected area name Protected area type Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Kibale National Park National Park protected/conservation area matches IPA 794

Kibale National Park

Protected area type:
National Park
Relationship with IPA:
protected/conservation area matches IPA
Areal overlap:
794

Conservation designation

Designation name Protected area Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Kibale National Park Key Biodiversity Area protected/conservation area matches IPA 794

Kibale National Park

Protected area:
Key Biodiversity Area
Relationship with IPA:
protected/conservation area matches IPA
Areal overlap:
794

Management type

Management type Description Year started Year finished
Site management plan in place No value No value

Site management plan in place

Year started:
No value
Year finished:
No value

Recommended citation

Iain Darbyshire, Sophie Richards (2024) Tropical Important Plant Areas Explorer: Kibale National Park (Uganda). https://tipas.kew.org/site/kibale-national-park/ (Accessed on 21/05/2024)