Kakiwondi Forest Patch

Kakiwondi Forêt Sacrée

GUITIPA006
Kakiwondi Forest Patch

Country: Guinea

Administrative region: Coyah (Prefecture)

Central co-ordinates: 9.72972 N, 13.29 W

Area: 0.1km²

Qualifying IPA Criteria

A(i)Site contains one or more globally threatened species, B(i)Site contains a high number of species within defined habitat or vegetation types, C(iii)Site contains nationally threatened or restricted habitat or vegetation types, AND/OR habitats that have severely declined in extent nationally

IPA assessment rationale

This remnant of lowland forest is a significant habitat for many threatened species and is a very good, possibly the best, representative of the forest patches of the Coyah hills with likely the second highest species diversity so far recorded for this forest type after the Kounounkan Forest in Forécariah Prefecture. The population of Tarenna hutchinsonii is the second largest in Guinée Maritime as well as significant populations of Diospyros feliciana, Baphia heudelotiana (largest population known globally), Stylochaeton pilosus and the newly described Talbotiella cheekii. The forest patches of Coyah are under threat from cultivation and Kakiwondi is a good representation. Although it is a sacred forest, it has been impacted by the slash and burn practice.

Site description

Kakiwondi near the village of Tomboya in central hills of Coyah prefecture is a small sacred forest patch protected by the village. This forest is a remnant of the lowland forest that would have covered this area in the past, and is recognised as one of the national threatened vegetation types. The area is on the side of the Wélé Wélé river valley and quite rocky. The dominant tree, Guibourtia copallifera, gives its name to forest – Kaki – from the Susu language). The area is small, only 100m2, but significant given the pressures of cultivation in surrounding area.

Botanical significance

Kakiwondi is one of the last refuges for some of the rare lowland forest species in the Guinee Maritime region. The region’s second largest population of Tarenna hutchinsonii, and significant populations of Diospyros feliciana, Baphia heudelotiana and Stylochaeton pilosus and the newly described Talbotiella cheekii are all found in this small forest patch. Of several small remnants of lowland forest in the Coyah hills, is it one of the richest in threatened species. It is likely that additional species will be found in future surveys.

Habitat and geology

Small lowland forest patch on the side of a sandstone hill with exposed rocks and boulders of dolerite. It is part of the same Ordovician sandstone ridge that goes northeast through Kindia, up to Pita in the Fouta Djallon. The forest patch is partly sloped and partly plateau with the Wélé Wélé River adjacent.

Conservation issues

Nearby cultivation of land on the slopes using slash and burn clearance methods has led to fire invading the forest patch. Some plants of Tarenna hutchinsonii were lost in 2016. The path through the forest is used to reach neighbouring villages of Kaporo, Yataraya and Saliya by foot; currently this does not seem to have a detrimental effect.

Site assessor(s)

Charlotte Couch, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Martin Cheek, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Denise Molmou, Herbier National de Guinee/ Simfer

Xander van der Burgt, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

IPA criterion A qualifying species

Species Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 1% of global population ≥ 5% of national population 1 of 5 best sites nationally Entire global population Socio-economically important Abundance at site
Diospyros feliciana Letouzey & F.White A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Cryptosepalum tetraphyllum (Hook.f.) Benth. A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Tessmannia baikieaoides Hutch. & Dalziel A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Baphia heudelotiana Baill. A(i) True True True False True Common
Keetia susu Cheek A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Talbotiella cheekii Burgt A(i) True True True False False Abundant
Apodiscus chevalieri Hutch. A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Tarenna hutchinsonii Bremek. A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Stylochaeton pilosus Bogner A(i) False False False False False Scarce
Homalium smythei Hutch. & Dalziel A(i) False False False False False Occasional

Diospyros feliciana Letouzey & F.White

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Cryptosepalum tetraphyllum (Hook.f.) Benth.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Tessmannia baikieaoides Hutch. & Dalziel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Baphia heudelotiana Baill.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:
Common

Keetia susu Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Talbotiella cheekii Burgt

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Abundant

Apodiscus chevalieri Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Tarenna hutchinsonii Bremek.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Stylochaeton pilosus Bogner

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Homalium smythei Hutch. & Dalziel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

IPA criterion C qualifying habitats

Habitat Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 5% of national resource ≥ 10% of national resource 1 of 5 best sites nationally Areal coverage at site
West African Lowland Evergreen Forest C(iii) False True True

West African Lowland Evergreen Forest

Qualifying sub-criterion:
C(iii)
≥ 5% of national resource:
False
≥ 10% of national resource:
True
Areal coverage at site:

General site habitats

General site habitat Percent coverage Importance
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest 100 Major

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest

Percent coverage:
100
Importance:
Major

Land use types

Land use type Percent coverage Importance
Nature conservation 100 Unknown

Nature conservation

Percent coverage:
100
Importance:
Unknown

Threats

Threat Severity Timing
Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture High Ongoing - increasing

Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture

Severity:
High
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Protected areas

Protected area name Protected area type Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Kakiwondi Community conservation area protected/conservation area matches IPA No value

Kakiwondi

Protected area type:
Community conservation area
Relationship with IPA:
protected/conservation area matches IPA
Areal overlap:
No value

Management type

Management type Description Year started Year finished
No management plan in place No value No value

No management plan in place

Year started:
No value
Year finished:
No value

Bibliography

Lisowski, S., 2009

Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée.

Couch, C; Magassouba, S; Rokni, S; Cheek, M., 2018

Threatened plants species of Guinea-Conakry: A preliminary checklist

Peerj Preprints

IUCN, 2019

IUCN Red List

Available online

Molmou, D., Konomou, G., 2017

Rapport de terrain du projet Darwin initiative dans la zone de Kindia et Coyah.

Available online

Molmou, D., 2017

Rapport de terrain du projet Darwin initiative dans la zone de Coyah (Dec 2016 - Jan 2107)

Available online

Molmou, D., 2017

Rapport de terrain Darwin zone de Coyah

Available online

Recommended citation

Charlotte Couch, Martin Cheek, Denise Molmou, Xander van der Burgt (2021) Tropical Important Plant Areas Explorer: Kakiwondi Forest Patch (Guinea). https://tipas.kew.org/site/kakiwondi-forest-patch/ (Accessed on 04/03/2021)