Campo Ma’an National Park

CMNTIPA025
Campo Ma’an National Park

Country: Cameroon

Administrative region: South (Region)

Central co-ordinates: 2.43600 N, 10.26590 E

Area: 2640.6km²

Qualifying IPA Criteria

A(i)Site contains one or more globally threatened species

IPA assessment rationale

Important populations of over 120 globally threatened species occur at Campo Ma'an. Therefore the site easily qualifies as an IPA under criterion A(i). In addition, the site would likely qualify under criterion B(i) or C(iii) due to the diversity and importance of the lowland rainforest habitats it contains: in particular, the large, intact area of lowland evergreen rainforest rich in Caesalpinoideae, and the unique variant (Tchouto’s type 2) with Calpocalyx heitzii and Sacoglottis gabonensis found in the Isle of Dipikar region. Furthermore, the large numbers of reported timber trees and non-timber forest products mean that the site is very likely to qualify under criterion B(iii) as one of the 15 richest sites nationally for socially, economically, or culturally useful species.

Site description

Campo Ma'an National park, established in January 2000 by Presidential decree no 2000/004 (UNESCO, 2018), is one of Cameroon's largest protected areas, encompassing 264,000 ha of evergreen and mixed semi-deciduous tropical forest in the Ntem Valley and Ocean subdivisions of Cameroon's South region. Extending eastwards inland from the coast at Campo between the rivers Bongala and Ntem, the park then curves north and east again, forming a dog's leg shape 15-30 km wide and 115 km long. The northern border lies a few km from the Kribi-Akom II-Ebolowa N17 road. To the south the park is partly adjacent to the international border and Equatorial Guinea's Reserva Natural de Rio Campo, while further east lies the RAMSAR wetland site Partie Camerounaise du Fleuve Ntem in the swampy area where the Mvila and Ntem rivers combine to form a network of channels, the Boucles du Ntem (Idriss, 2012). From mangroves and coastal evergreen forest near the coast, the forest follows a ridge of low mountains up to 1100 m in height, and transitions to drier forest with a greater semi-deciduous element in the eastern parts. Created partly in mitigation of the Kribi-Chad pipeline project, the forest is part of a much larger Operation Technical Unit (UTO), with several large FMUs and plantations forming a peripheral zone incorporated in the management plan (WWF, 2018; UNESCO, 2018).

Botanical significance

Research by Tchouto (2004) has revealed a high number of globally threatened species occurring in the Campo Ma'an area. Many of these occur within the national park boundaries, occupying several different habitats including submontane forest, swamp forest, lowland evergreen tropical forest, waterfalls and rapids. A number of highly threatened species in the Podostemaceae are known from the rapids of the Bongala and Ntem rivers forming the boundary, although other species known only from the Memve’ele Fallls are outside the park.
Several threatened species are listed by Tchouto (2004) for which specimen data from the national park has not been located (for example, Acridocarpus camerunensis). Where no other evidence exists that these occur within the national park area the taxa have not been included here. However, when a location inside the boundary (such as Dipikar island) is indicated in table 5.6 (Tchouto, 2004) then the taxon has been provisionally included even if no specimen has been found. A number of species are also included from collections just outside the border, particularly in the areas of Zingui and Akom II, as these are strongly suspected to also occur within the park. Amphimas tessmannii (EN) is included based on the type specimen collected near Campo although apparently just over the border in Rio Muni.
The site is important as a major area of largely intact tropical lowland forest as well as a representative of other important vegetation types, including mangroves, swamp forest and submontane forest, which contribute to the overall botanical diversity of c. 1,500 species, a number approximately equal to that of the Dja Faunal Reserve which occupies double the area (UNESCO, 2018). Tchouto (2004) records a greater total of 2,227 taxa from the wider Campo Ma'an TOU area. Research has suggested the Campo Ma'an area was likely to have been a refugial zone for plant species during the Pleistocene period of drier climate conditions, resulting in a high level of endemicity (Tchouto et al., 2009). For example, 10 species of Begonia, a potential refugial bioindicator genus (Sosef 1994, 1996), are recorded within the National Park, while 114 national endemics and 29 local endemics are recorded from the wider TOU (Tchouto, 2004). Many of these endemics are now recorded more widely, particularly because of greater collecting in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea, and proximity to the national border may in fact reduce the number of national endemics compared to other sites in Cameroon. However, several species occur towards the northern limit of their geographical range and are therefore nationally rare or unknown elsewhere in Cameroon, even if they are more widely known to the south. Six species are here considered to be narrowly endemic to the park itself (Inversodicraea kamerunica and Tapura tchoutii, Triceratorhynchus sonkeanus, Cola nana, Cola subglaucescens & Ardisia letouzeyi) but several more are likely limited to the larger TOU area.
Tchouto (2004) refers to unpublished research indicating 112 timber species and 249 non-timber forest product (NTFP) species are found within the TOU. While many timber species are on the global red list, many of these assessments are out of date and based on IUCN criterion A, suggesting they do not qualify under IPA criterion A(i). However, Campo Ma'an may qualify as one of the overall best sites for useful species.

Habitat and geology

The site lies predominantly on Precambrian metamorphic basement rocks which produce low nutrient, acidic soils of approximately pH 4 (Tchouto, 2004). Cretaceous sedimentary rocks are also found near the coast in the Campo basin, and migmatites and granites in the hillier terrain inland. Soils are mainly ferrasols and acrisols, strongly weathered, deep and clayey but sandier in the coastal and riverine areas. Altitude ranges from sea level at the coast to around 1,100 m in the hills further east.
The climate has two wet and two dry seasons, with rainfall of 2,800 mm at Campo (2,950 at Kribi) reducing inland to 1,670 mm in the Nyabessan/Ma'an area, probably due partly to a rain shadow effect (Tchouto, 2004). This climate gradient results in an increase in semi-deciduous vegetation further east, although extensive swamp areas are also found. Many rivers flow through the site (Ntem, Lobe, Bongala, Biwome, Ndjo'o, Mvila and Nye'ete), often with rocky beds that support rare rheophytic plants (Cheek et al., 2017; Kuetegue et al., 2019). Even at the coast the four-season climate distinguishes this area of Cameroon from the higher rainfall Cross-Sanaga area to the north where total annual precipitation also tends to be higher (White, 1983).
In the broad classification of White (1983) Campo Ma'an lies within the the Lower Guinea part of the Guineo-Congolian region of endemism and within vegetation type 1a, wetter types of lowland rainforest. Olson et al.'s (2001) scheme places it within a large band of Atlantic Coastal Equatorial Forest which extends south from the Sanaga river and is distinguished from the wetter Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests region. The northern border of South region roughly follows the Nyong river which may have acted as a biogeographical barrier in the past and has also likely contributed, together with the larger and closely parallel Sanaga river, to a somewhat different forest type in this region (Cheek et al., 2001; Oates et al., 2004).
Letouzey (1985) made finer discriminations in vegetation type, categorising the site area as mainly Atlantic Biafran forest rich in Caesalpinoideae (type 228) but with several subtypes characterised by abundance of a few indicator species, particularly Sacoglottis gabonensis and Calpocalyx heitzii. Tchouto's (2004) multivariate analysis of plot data distinguishes 10 vegetation types in the TOU area, with type 1 (lowland evergreen forest rich in Caesalpinaceae) dominating most of the park area (65% according to UNESCO, 2018). This is a continuous canopy, three-tier rainforest with emergents and buttresses, found on moderate hills and slopes, and dominated by c.70 species of trees in the (former) Caesalpinoideae subfamily, several of which are gregarious. Much smaller areas of other types are also present. Type 2 (a variant of type 1 with abundant S. gabonensis and C. heitzii) is found in the Dipikar area, and closer to Campo there is an Atlantic variant with more coastal elements. In the eastern part of the park, type 7 is found, which mixes more semi-deciduous elements but is still dominated by evergreen species and retains a largely closed canopy. In the northwest part of the park, near Zingui, there is a tiny area of type 3 which features coastal elements including Sacoglottis gabonensis, and which has been largely cleared for palm oil planation outside the park but extends to Mont Elephant, Massif des Mamelles and Lobe. Submontane forest (type 9) is found on hilltops above 800m and contributes a large proportion of species. Around rivers some mangroves (type 11) are found nearer the coast and, in other parts, there is swamp forest (type 10), although much of the latter is outside the park area in the RAMSAR wetland around Ma'an. Near Ebianemeyong Tchouto (2004) also distinguishes an additional zone of the more subjectively defined Okoume forest (type 12), an open forest dominated by the important timber species Aucoumea klaineana which has spread from plantations such as Kienke and may not be native to the National Park area or to Cameroon (pers. comm. Xander van der Burgt and Jean Michel Onana, 2021).

Conservation issues

Campo Ma'an National Park benefits from both its protected status and its positioning in an area of Cameroon that has historically been hard to access and little disturbed. However, despite having the highest level of formal protection, there remain serious threats to the site's biodiversity, and recent development in the region has increased access to the forest, reducing the isolation which has preserved it up to now. National Park status was awarded partly to balance the negative biodiversity impact of the Kribi-Chad pipeline project (WWF, 2018). Tchouto (2004) indicated that it remained a "paper park" only and that forests in the area faced a number of threats including large- and small-scale agriculture, logging and hunting. Sunderland et al. (1997) suggest the forest was largely undisturbed until the 1960s but since that time logging concessions have changed its character in the Campo area of the park and in the other concessions surrounding the park boundary. The interior region remains more intact (UNESCO, 2018), with populations of elephants, gorillas and chimps considered stable when last evaluated (Nzoo Dongmo et al., 2015). However, WWF (2018) have more recently expressed concern that the park needs saving from a variety of developments which together are likely to increase population and activity in the area. These include the pipeline project, the Memve'ele hydroelectric dam, the Kribi deep seaport complex, rubber and oil palm projects (particularly in former well-managed FMU areas (Nforngwa, 2019)) and a proposed railway link from Mbalam to Kribi. Previously, the population outside of the major population centres of Ebolowa, Kribi and Campo has been very low (Sunderland et al., 1997) but major population growth is predicted in the region from these developments. Net migration was reported at 14% in 2010, exceeding annual population growth (Ajonina et al., 2010). Logging trails already allow bushmeat hunters to penetrate deep into the forest and threaten to open the park up to small-scale agriculture which could be hard to prevent (WWF, 2018). Bushmeat consumption has been calculated at 1,206 t/day, or 200g per person/day within the TOU (Ajonina et al., 2010).
Loss of the buffer zone of selectively logged FMUs to palm oil plantation is probably the major threat as this isolates the park genetically and brings in migrant labour, with associated pressure for food from hunting and agriculture, while increasing access to the park itself. Expansion of agriculture from Akom II and other settlements along the road north of the park is also likely to progress into the park unless prevented. Because of the many important species known from just north of the park border, it is highly recommended that the c.5 km band between the border and the Kribi-Ebolowa road, from Zingui to Akom II is treated with high conservation concern as a buffer region, and that these species are actively searched for within the park boundaries.
The unique character of the forest in the Campo region, which harbours vegetation and species unknown to other parts of the National Park (Sunderland et al., 1997; Tchouto, 2004), is particularly threatened by proximity to coastal development. The Memvele dam project, as well as bringing the same problems of access and disturbance, also seems likely to render extinct several populations of rheophytic plants at rapids on the Ntem river, most of which are globally restricted to this river (Cheek et al., 2017; Kuetegue et al., 2019).
From a positive perspective, the presence of healthy populations of gorillas and other large mammals, as well as waterfalls, beaches and other natural scenery, boosts the chance of conservation action and ecotourism (Walter et al., 2021). The second management plan emphasised ecotourism and other sustainable income generation to improve local livelihoods. As well as the natural riches, Forje et al. (2021) considers the local population's openness to tourist development as an asset. However, these researchers also found that the local population did not consider ecotourism to be improving their livelihoods. Development of ecotourism is considered to be held back by poor roads and other infrastructural challenges (Forje et al., 2020) but these obstacles also mitigate threats to the park. Conversely, development associated with the Kribi port and other projects boosts the potential for tourist access but also brings threats.
As discussed further below, the park is a also a key component of Cameroon’s Red++ carbon strategy (CARN, 2020).

Ecosystem services

The site provides important habitat for a very diverse fauna with 80 large-medium mammal species including 20 species of primate) 200 birds (plus another hundred from the buffer zone), 122 reptile species, and 80 amphibians (Birdlife International, 2021). At least 23 resident mammals are globally threatened including elephant (Loxodonta africana cyclotis), Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), leopard (Panthera pardus) and Giant Pangolin (Manis gigantea).
As a large area of intact rainforest in the tropical zone Campo Ma'an is a major carbon sink. It forms a crucial part of Cameroon's proposed Emission Reduction Program, developed as a first step towards Cameroon's REDD+ strategy (CARN, 2020). The Emission Reduction Program is focussed on southern Cameroon, covering an area estimated to constitute 1.725 Gt carbon from total above and below ground biomass, amounting to 37% of the national total. Based on the percentage area, the Campo Ma'an national park share would be 49 Mt.
Numerous plants found within the national park have been recorded as having uses to local peoples. Sunderland et al. (1997) report 43 economic species amounting to 30% of the total species within the Campo forest part of the national park, while Tchouto (2004) refers to unpublished research indicating 250 taxa within the TOU area.
The park contributes a large watershed, and the intact forest is important to maintaining water quality of the several major rivers flowing towards the populated coastal area, as well as buffering the effect of seasonal rains and mitigating damage from flooding (Anjonina et al., 2010). The Mangrove forest areas near Campo are also important in this respect, with global sea levels rising.

Site assessor(s)

Bruce Murphy, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Jean Michel Onana, University of Yaounde I, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant Biology; IRAD-Herbier National Camerounais

IPA criterion A species

Species Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 1% of global population ≥ 5% of national population 1 of 5 best sites nationally Entire global population Socio-economically important Abundance at site
Afrofittonia silvestris Lindau A(i) True False True False False
Afrostyrax lepidophyllus Mildbr. A(i) False False True False True
Albertisia capituliflora (Diels) Forman A(i) True True True False False
Allexis zygomorpha Achound. & Onana A(i) True True True False False
Albertisia glabra (Diels ex Troupin) Forman A(i) True True True False False
Ancistrorhynchus crystalensis P.J.Cribb & Laan A(i) True True True False False
Angraecum angustum (Rolfe) Summerh. A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Antrocaryon micraster A.Chev. & Guillaumin A(i) False True True False True
Aulacocalyx camerooniana Sonké & S.E.Dawson A(i) True True True False False
Aulacocalyx mapiana Sonké & Bridson A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Begonia mbangaensis Sosef A(i) True True True False False
Begonia zenkeriana L.B.Sm. & Wassh. A(i) True True True False False
Beilschmiedia cinnamomea (Stapf) Robyns & R.Wilczek A(i) True True True False False
Beilschmiedia klainei Robyns & R.Wilczek A(i) True True True False False
Bertiera heterophylla Nguembou & Sonké A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Bertiera rosseeliana Sonké, Esono & Nguembou A(i) True True True False False
Boutiquea platypetala (Engl. & Diels) Le Thomas A(i) True True False False False
Bulbophyllum platybulbon (Schltr.) Govaerts & J.M.H.Shaw A(i) True True True False False
Calpocalyx heitzii Harms A(i) False True True False False
Calvoa stenophylla Jacq.-Fél. A(i) True True True False False
Calycosiphonia macrochlamys (K.Schum.) Robbr. A(i) False True True False False
Cassipourea alternifolia Breteler A(i) True True True False False
Coffea mapiana Nguembou & A.P.Davis A(i) True True True False True
Cola hypochrysea K.Schum. A(i), A(iii) True True True False True
Crotonogyne impedita Prain A(i) True True True False False
Crotonogyne zenkeri Pax A(i) True False True False False
Culcasia bosii Ntépé Nyamè A(i) True True True False False
Dacryodes buettneri (Engl.) H.J.Lam A(i) False False True False True
Deinbollia macroura Gilg ex Radlk. A(i) True True True False False
Deinbollia maxima Gilg ex Engl. A(i) False True True False False
Deinbollia mezilii D.W.Thomas & D.J.Harris A(i) True True True False False
Deinbollia pycnophylla Gilg ex Engl. A(i) True True True False False
Dictyophleba setosa B.de Hoogh A(i) True True True False False
Dracaena viridiflora Engl. & K.Krause A(i) False False True False False
Drypetes preussii (Pax) Hutch. A(i) True False True False False
Drypetes staudtii (Pax) Hutch. A(i) True False False False False
Drypetes tessmanniana (Pax) Pax & K.Hoffm. A(i) True True True False False
Garcinia staudtii Engl. A(i) True False False False False
Gilbertiodendron klainei (Pierre ex Pellegr.) J.Léonard A(i) True False True False False
Gluema ivorensis Aubrév. & Pellegr. A(i) False False False False False
Habenaria batesii la Croix A(i) True True True False False
Impatiens gongolana N.Hallé A(i) True True True False False
Inversodicraea kamerunensis (Engl.) Engl. A(i) True True True True False
Inversodicraea ntemensis (Y.Kita, Koi, Rutish. & M.Kato) J.J.Schenk, Herschlag & D.W.Thomas A(i) True True True False False
Inversodicraea tchoutoi Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Ixora synactica De Block A(i) True True True False False
Ledermaniella bifurcata (Engl.) C.Cusset A(i) True True True False False
Ledermanniella linearifolia Engl. A(i) True True True False False
Liparis gracilentis Dandy A(i) True True True False False
Malouetia barbata J.Ploeg A(i) True True True False False
Mapania raynaliana D.A.Simpson A(i) True True True False False
Ormocarpum klainei Tisser. A(i) True True True False False
Pauridiantha divaricata (K.Schum.) Bremek. A(i) True True True False False
Pavetta kribiensis S.D.Manning A(i) True True True False False
Pavetta mpomii S.D.Manning A(i) False False True False False
Petchia africana Leeuwenb. A(i) True True True False False
Prioria joveri (Normand ex Aubrév.) Breteler A(i) True True True False False
Sabicea medusula K.Schum. ex Wernham A(i) False True True False False
Psychotria camerunensis E.M.A.Petit A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria densinervia (K.Krause) Verdc. A(i), A(iii) True False True False False
Psychotria lanceifolia K.Schum. A(i) False True True False False
Sabicea apocynacea (K.Schum.) Razafim. A(i) False True True False False
Staurogyne bicolor (Mildbr.) Champl. A(i) True True True False False
Stenandrium thomense (Milne-Redh.) Vollesen A(i) True True True False False
Strychnos gnetifolia Gilg ex Onochie & Hepper A(i) True True True False False
Strychnos staudtii Gilg A(i) False False True False False
Testulea gabonensis Pellegr. A(i) True True True False False
Trichoscypha hallei Breteler A(i) True True True False False
Trichoscypha mannii Hook.f. A(i) False True True False False
Psychotria torrenticola O.Lachenaud & Séné A(i) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum alinae Szlach. A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum coriscence Szlach. A(i) True True True False False
Sarcophrynium villosum (Benth.) K.Schum. A(i) True True True False False
Vepris lecomteana (Pierre) Cheek & T.Heller A(i) False False True False False
Entandrophragma candollei Harms A(i) False False False False True
Entandrophragma cylindricum (Sprague) Sprague A(i) False False False False True
Entandrophragma utile (Dawe & Sprague) Sprague A(i) False False False False True
Entandrophragma utile (Dawe & Sprague) Sprague A(i) False False False False True
Khaya anthotheca C.DC. A(i) False False False False True
Khaya ivorensis A.Chev. A(i) False False False False True
Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn.f. A(i) False False False False True
Nauclea diderrichii (De Wild. & T.Durand) Merrill A(i) False False False False True
Pterygota bequaertii De Wild. A(i) False False False False True
Tieghemella africana Pierre A(i) False False True False True
Baillonella toxisperma Pierre A(i) False False False False True
Afzelia bipindensis Harms A(i) False False False False True
Afzelia pachyloba Harms A(i) False False False False True
Aucoumea klaineana Pierre A(i) False False True False True
Copaifera religiosa J.Léonard A(i) False True True False True
Chlorophytum petrophilum K.Krause A(i) True True True False False
Hoplestigma pierreanum Gilg A(i), A(iii) True True True False False
Duguetia dilabens Chatrou & Repetur A(i) False False False False False
Pavetta muiriana S.D.Manning A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria njumei Cheek A(i) False True True False False
Uvariopsis korupensis Gereau & Kenfack A(i) True True True False False
Uvariopsis submontana Kenfack, Gosline & Gereau A(i) True True True False False
Acridocarpus camerunensis Nied. A(i) True True True False False
Calpocalyx klainei Pierre ex Harms A(i) False True True False False
Hymenocoleus glaber Robbr. A(i) True True True False False
Hymenostegia viridiflora Mackinder & Wieringa A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria podocarpa Petit A(i) True True True False False
Tabernaemontana hallei (Boiteau) Leeuwenb. A(i) True True True False False
Uvariodendron giganteum (Engl.) R.E.Fr. A(i) True True True False False
Uvariopsis vanderystii Robyns & Ghesq. A(i) False False True False False
Xylopia mildbraedii Diels A(i) True True True False False
Tricalysia vadensis Robbr. A(i) True False False False False
Ardisia dewitiana Taton A(i) True True True False False
Aulotandra kamerunensis Loes. A(i) True True True False False
Necepsia afzelii Prain ssp. zenkeri Bouchat & J. Léonard A(i) True True True False False
Gilbertiodendron pachyanthum (Harms) J.Léonard A(i) True True True False False
Diospyros alboflavescens (Gürke) F.White A(i), A(iv) False True True False False
Rhaphiostylis subsessilifolia Engl. A(i) True True True False False
Beilschmiedia cuspidata (K.Krause) Robyns & R.Wilczek A(i) True True True False False
Isomacrolobium leptorrhachis (Harms) Aubrév. & Pellegr. A(i) False True True False False
Amphiblemma letouzeyi Jacq.-Fél. A(i) True True True False False
Tapinanthus preussii (Engl.) Tiegh. A(i) True True True False False
Diaphananthe sarcorhynchoides J.B.Hall A(i) True True True False False
Rinorea dewildei Achound. A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria sonkeana O.Lachenaud & Séné A(i) True True True False False
Kylicanthe cornuata Descourv. & Stévart & Droissart A(i) True True True False False
Liparis hallei Szlach. A(i) True True True False False
Polystachya batkoi Szlach. & Olszewski A(i) True True True False False
Polystachya bipoda Stévart A(i) True True True False False
Polystachya lejolyana Stévart A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria droissartii O.Lachenaud A(i) True True True False False
Sericanthe lowryana Sonké & Robbr. A(i) True True True False False
Memecylon alipes R.D.Stone A(i) True True True False False
Uvariopsis zenkeri Engl. A(i) True True True False False
Strychnos mimfiensis Gilg ex Leeuwenb. A(i) True True True False False
Cola elegans Pierre ex Breteler A(i) True True True False False
Nephrangis bertauxiana Szlach. & Olszewski A(i) True True True False False
Dischistocalyx champluvieranus Lejoly & Lisowski A(i) True True True False False
Impatiens hians Hook.f. var. bipindensis (Gilg) Grey-Wilson A(i) False True True False False
Neuropeltis laxiflora Lejoly & Lisowski A(i) True True True False False
Ardisia letouzeyi Taton A(i) True True True True False
Triceratorhynchus sonkeanus (Droissart, Stévart & P.J.Cribb) Szlach., Oledrz. & Mytnik A(i) True True True True False
Amphimas tessmannii Harms A(i) True True True False False
Angraecum curvipes Schltr. A(i) True True True False False
Guibourtia tessmannii (Harms) J.Léonard A(i) False True True False False
Justicia gigantophylla (Lindau) H.J.Sm. & C.Moran A(i), A(iv) True True True False True
Vepris araliopsioides Onana A(i) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum sanfordii (Szlach. & Olszewski) Govaerts & J.M.H.Shaw A(i) True True True False False
Calpocalyx ngouniensis Pellegr. A(i) False True True False False
Englerodendron graciliflorum (Harms) Estrella & Ojeda A(i) True True True False False
Neolemonniera batesii (Engl.) Heine A(i) True True True False False
Aphanocalyx hedinii (A.Chev.) Wieringa A(i) True True True False False
Polystachya laurentii De Wild. A(i) True True True False False
Ancistrorhynchus tenuicaulis Orchidaceae A(i) True True True False False
Begonia microsperma Warb. A(i) True True True False False
Deinbollia saligna Keay A(i) True True True False False
Globulostylis rammelooana Sonké A(i) True True True False False
Piptostigma oyemense Pellegr. A(i) False True True False False
Pseudosabicea batesii (Wernham) N.Hallé A(i) False False True False False
Psychotria arborea Hiern A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria senterrei O.Lachenaud A(i) True True True False False
Rinorea dewitii Achound. A(i) True True True False False
Sabicea rufa Wernham A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria villicarpa O.Lachenaud subsp. villicarpa A(i) True True True False False
Chytranthus micranthus Gilg ex Radlk. A(iv) True True True False False
Cola nana Engl. & K.Krause A(iii) True True True True False
Cola subglaucescens Engl. A(iii) True True True True False
Culcasia linearifolia Bogner A(iii) True True True False False
Dialium latifolium Harms A(iii) True True True False False
Impatiens akomensis S.B.Janssens, Sonké & O.Lachenaud A(iii) True True True True False
Pavetta renidens (K.Krause) Bremek. A(iv) True True True False False
Scaphopetalum riparium Engl. & K.Krause A(iv) True True True False False

Afrofittonia silvestris Lindau

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afrostyrax lepidophyllus Mildbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Albertisia capituliflora (Diels) Forman

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Allexis zygomorpha Achound. & Onana

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Albertisia glabra (Diels ex Troupin) Forman

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ancistrorhynchus crystalensis P.J.Cribb & Laan

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Angraecum angustum (Rolfe) Summerh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Antrocaryon micraster A.Chev. & Guillaumin

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Aulacocalyx camerooniana Sonké & S.E.Dawson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aulacocalyx mapiana Sonké & Bridson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia mbangaensis Sosef

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia zenkeriana L.B.Sm. & Wassh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Beilschmiedia cinnamomea (Stapf) Robyns & R.Wilczek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Beilschmiedia klainei Robyns & R.Wilczek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bertiera heterophylla Nguembou & Sonké

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bertiera rosseeliana Sonké, Esono & Nguembou

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Boutiquea platypetala (Engl. & Diels) Le Thomas

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum platybulbon (Schltr.) Govaerts & J.M.H.Shaw

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Calpocalyx heitzii Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Calvoa stenophylla Jacq.-Fél.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Calycosiphonia macrochlamys (K.Schum.) Robbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cassipourea alternifolia Breteler

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Coffea mapiana Nguembou & A.P.Davis

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Cola hypochrysea K.Schum.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Crotonogyne impedita Prain

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Crotonogyne zenkeri Pax

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Culcasia bosii Ntépé Nyamè

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dacryodes buettneri (Engl.) H.J.Lam

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia macroura Gilg ex Radlk.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia maxima Gilg ex Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia mezilii D.W.Thomas & D.J.Harris

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia pycnophylla Gilg ex Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dictyophleba setosa B.de Hoogh

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dracaena viridiflora Engl. & K.Krause

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Drypetes preussii (Pax) Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Drypetes staudtii (Pax) Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Drypetes tessmanniana (Pax) Pax & K.Hoffm.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Garcinia staudtii Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Gilbertiodendron klainei (Pierre ex Pellegr.) J.Léonard

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Gluema ivorensis Aubrév. & Pellegr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Habenaria batesii la Croix

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Impatiens gongolana N.Hallé

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Inversodicraea kamerunensis (Engl.) Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Inversodicraea ntemensis (Y.Kita, Koi, Rutish. & M.Kato) J.J.Schenk, Herschlag & D.W.Thomas

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Inversodicraea tchoutoi Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ixora synactica De Block

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ledermaniella bifurcata (Engl.) C.Cusset

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ledermanniella linearifolia Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Liparis gracilentis Dandy

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Malouetia barbata J.Ploeg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Mapania raynaliana D.A.Simpson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ormocarpum klainei Tisser.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pauridiantha divaricata (K.Schum.) Bremek.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta kribiensis S.D.Manning

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta mpomii S.D.Manning

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Petchia africana Leeuwenb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Prioria joveri (Normand ex Aubrév.) Breteler

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Sabicea medusula K.Schum. ex Wernham

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria camerunensis E.M.A.Petit

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria densinervia (K.Krause) Verdc.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria lanceifolia K.Schum.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Sabicea apocynacea (K.Schum.) Razafim.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Staurogyne bicolor (Mildbr.) Champl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Stenandrium thomense (Milne-Redh.) Vollesen

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Strychnos gnetifolia Gilg ex Onochie & Hepper

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Strychnos staudtii Gilg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Testulea gabonensis Pellegr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Trichoscypha hallei Breteler

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Trichoscypha mannii Hook.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria torrenticola O.Lachenaud & Séné

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum alinae Szlach.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum coriscence Szlach.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Sarcophrynium villosum (Benth.) K.Schum.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vepris lecomteana (Pierre) Cheek & T.Heller

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Entandrophragma candollei Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Entandrophragma cylindricum (Sprague) Sprague

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Entandrophragma utile (Dawe & Sprague) Sprague

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Entandrophragma utile (Dawe & Sprague) Sprague

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Khaya anthotheca C.DC.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Khaya ivorensis A.Chev.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Nauclea diderrichii (De Wild. & T.Durand) Merrill

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Pterygota bequaertii De Wild.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Tieghemella africana Pierre

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Baillonella toxisperma Pierre

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Afzelia bipindensis Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Afzelia pachyloba Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Aucoumea klaineana Pierre

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Copaifera religiosa J.Léonard

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Chlorophytum petrophilum K.Krause

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Hoplestigma pierreanum Gilg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Duguetia dilabens Chatrou & Repetur

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta muiriana S.D.Manning

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria njumei Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariopsis korupensis Gereau & Kenfack

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariopsis submontana Kenfack, Gosline & Gereau

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Acridocarpus camerunensis Nied.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Calpocalyx klainei Pierre ex Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Hymenocoleus glaber Robbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Hymenostegia viridiflora Mackinder & Wieringa

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria podocarpa Petit

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Tabernaemontana hallei (Boiteau) Leeuwenb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariodendron giganteum (Engl.) R.E.Fr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariopsis vanderystii Robyns & Ghesq.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Xylopia mildbraedii Diels

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Tricalysia vadensis Robbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ardisia dewitiana Taton

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aulotandra kamerunensis Loes.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Necepsia afzelii Prain ssp. zenkeri Bouchat & J. Léonard

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Gilbertiodendron pachyanthum (Harms) J.Léonard

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Diospyros alboflavescens (Gürke) F.White

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rhaphiostylis subsessilifolia Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Beilschmiedia cuspidata (K.Krause) Robyns & R.Wilczek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Isomacrolobium leptorrhachis (Harms) Aubrév. & Pellegr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Amphiblemma letouzeyi Jacq.-Fél.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Tapinanthus preussii (Engl.) Tiegh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Diaphananthe sarcorhynchoides J.B.Hall

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rinorea dewildei Achound.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria sonkeana O.Lachenaud & Séné

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Kylicanthe cornuata Descourv. & Stévart & Droissart

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Liparis hallei Szlach.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Polystachya batkoi Szlach. & Olszewski

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Polystachya bipoda Stévart

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Polystachya lejolyana Stévart

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria droissartii O.Lachenaud

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Sericanthe lowryana Sonké & Robbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Memecylon alipes R.D.Stone

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariopsis zenkeri Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Strychnos mimfiensis Gilg ex Leeuwenb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cola elegans Pierre ex Breteler

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Nephrangis bertauxiana Szlach. & Olszewski

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dischistocalyx champluvieranus Lejoly & Lisowski

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Impatiens hians Hook.f. var. bipindensis (Gilg) Grey-Wilson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Neuropeltis laxiflora Lejoly & Lisowski

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ardisia letouzeyi Taton

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Triceratorhynchus sonkeanus (Droissart, Stévart & P.J.Cribb) Szlach., Oledrz. & Mytnik

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Amphimas tessmannii Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Angraecum curvipes Schltr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Guibourtia tessmannii (Harms) J.Léonard

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Justicia gigantophylla (Lindau) H.J.Sm. & C.Moran

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Vepris araliopsioides Onana

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum sanfordii (Szlach. & Olszewski) Govaerts & J.M.H.Shaw

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Calpocalyx ngouniensis Pellegr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Englerodendron graciliflorum (Harms) Estrella & Ojeda

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Neolemonniera batesii (Engl.) Heine

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aphanocalyx hedinii (A.Chev.) Wieringa

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Polystachya laurentii De Wild.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ancistrorhynchus tenuicaulis Orchidaceae

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia microsperma Warb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Deinbollia saligna Keay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Globulostylis rammelooana Sonké

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Piptostigma oyemense Pellegr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pseudosabicea batesii (Wernham) N.Hallé

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria arborea Hiern

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria senterrei O.Lachenaud

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rinorea dewitii Achound.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Sabicea rufa Wernham

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria villicarpa O.Lachenaud subsp. villicarpa

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Chytranthus micranthus Gilg ex Radlk.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cola nana Engl. & K.Krause

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cola subglaucescens Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Culcasia linearifolia Bogner

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dialium latifolium Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Impatiens akomensis S.B.Janssens, Sonké & O.Lachenaud

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta renidens (K.Krause) Bremek.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Scaphopetalum riparium Engl. & K.Krause

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

General site habitats

General site habitat Percent coverage Importance
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest No value
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Swamp Forest No value
Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers, Streams, Creeks [includes waterfalls] No value
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest No value
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Forest Vegetation Above High Tide Level No value

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Swamp Forest

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:

Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers, Streams, Creeks [includes waterfalls]

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Forest Vegetation Above High Tide Level

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:

Land use types

Land use type Percent coverage Importance
Nature conservation 100 Major

Nature conservation

Percent coverage:
100
Importance:
Major

Threats

Threat Severity Timing
Energy production & mining - Oil & gas drilling Medium Ongoing - stable
Residential & commercial development - Commercial & industrial areas Medium Ongoing - increasing
Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture Low Ongoing - increasing
Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming High Ongoing - increasing
Biological resource use - Hunting & collecting terrestrial animals Medium Ongoing - increasing
Transportation & service corridors - Roads & railroads Medium Future - planned activity
Energy production & mining - Mining & quarrying Low Ongoing - trend unknown
Biological resource use - Logging & wood harvesting Medium Ongoing - trend unknown
Energy production & mining - Renewable energy High Ongoing - trend unknown
Natural system modifications - Dams & water management/use - Large dams High Ongoing - trend unknown

Energy production & mining - Oil & gas drilling

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - stable

Residential & commercial development - Commercial & industrial areas

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture

Severity:
Low
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming

Severity:
High
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Biological resource use - Hunting & collecting terrestrial animals

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - increasing

Transportation & service corridors - Roads & railroads

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Future - planned activity

Energy production & mining - Mining & quarrying

Severity:
Low
Timing:
Ongoing - trend unknown

Biological resource use - Logging & wood harvesting

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - trend unknown

Energy production & mining - Renewable energy

Severity:
High
Timing:
Ongoing - trend unknown

Natural system modifications - Dams & water management/use - Large dams

Severity:
High
Timing:
Ongoing - trend unknown

Protected areas

Protected area name Protected area type Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Campo Ma'an National Park National Park protected/conservation area matches IPA No value

Campo Ma'an National Park

Protected area type:
National Park
Relationship with IPA:
protected/conservation area matches IPA
Areal overlap:
No value

Conservation designation

Designation name Protected area Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Campo Ma'an Complex IBA Important Bird Area protected/conservation area encompasses IPA No value

Campo Ma'an Complex IBA

Protected area:
Important Bird Area
Relationship with IPA:
protected/conservation area encompasses IPA
Areal overlap:
No value

Management type

Management type Description Year started Year finished
Protected Area management plan in place The plan indicated a five year budget of CFAF 6750. Emphasis was on increasing management capacity, implementing effective monitoring of populations and resources, ecotourism and sustainable income generation, cross-border cooperation, federation of major local bodies (mining and logging concessions, agro-industry, municipalities) to mitigate impacts 2015 2019

Protected Area management plan in place

The plan indicated a five year budget of CFAF 6750. Emphasis was on increasing management capacity, implementing effective monitoring of populations and resources, ecotourism and sustainable income generation, cross-border cooperation, federation of major local bodies (mining and logging concessions, agro-industry, municipalities) to mitigate impacts
Year started:
2015
Year finished:
2019

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Recommended citation

Bruce Murphy, Jean Michel Onana (2024) Tropical Important Plant Areas Explorer: Campo Ma'an National Park (Cameroon). https://tipas.kew.org/site/campo-maan-national-park/ (Accessed on 21/05/2024)