Bale Mountains

ETHTIPA0019
Bale Mountains

Country: Ethiopia

Administrative region: Oromia (Regional State)

Central co-ordinates: 6.85155 N, 39.79745 E

Qualifying IPA Criteria

IPA assessment rationale

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Site description

The Bale Mountains (BM) IPA is situated in the Oromia Region, at the intersection of the Bale and West Arsi administrative zones, c 40 km south of the town of Robe in the Bale floristic region. The Bale Mountains are in the central highlands of the Ethiopian rift valley and reach their peak at Tullu/Mt Deemtu (4,400 m asl). The BM represents the largest area in Africa of the Afroalpine vegetation over 3000m and is the most intact remnant of original highland vegetation (UNESCO, 2024). The contiguous massif is 2067 km2, or 17.5% of African land above 3000 m, and is the most intact remnant of original highland vegetation (Brooks et al., 2004). The BM has been recognized been recognized for its significance with both national and international protection as a National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Bale Mountains IPA is of global conservation significance as one of the largest and most intact remaining example of remant Afroalpine and Afromontane vegetation in Africa, which in turn is important habitat for many threatened and endemic Ethiopian plant taxa.

Botanical significance

Cynanchum balense strict endemic to Bale Mountains (not just this IPA, all collected at c3,200 m)


Crotalaria hypargyrea only collected from type in 1928.

Habitat and geology

Conservation issues

Site assessor(s)

IPA criterion A species

Species Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 1% of global population ≥ 5% of national population 1 of 5 best sites nationally Entire global population Socio-economically important Abundance at site
Afroligusticum mattirolii (Chiov.) P.J.D.Winter A(i) True False False False False Occasional
Afroligusticum petitianum (A.Rich.) P.J.D.Winter A(i) True False False False False Occasional
Alchemilla haumanii Rothm. A(iv) False False False False False Frequent
Alopecurus baptarrhenius S.M.Phillips A(i) True True True False False Occasional
Anthoxanthum aethiopicum I.Hedberg A(i) True False True False False Unknown
Arisaema mooneyanum M.G.Gilbert & Mayo A(i) True False False False False Unknown
Artemisia schimperi Sch.Bip. ex Engl. A(i) False False True False False Scarce
Asplenium balense Chaerle & Viane A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Chiliocephalum tegetum Mesfin A(i) True True True False False Occasional
Clinopodium paradoxum (Vatke) Ryding A(iv) False False False False False Occasional
Crotalaria hypargyrea Chiov. A(iii) True True True True False Unknown
Cyanotis polyrrhiza Hochst. ex Hassk. A(i) True False False False False Occasional
Cynanchum balense Liede A(i) True True True False False Occasional
Cyperus clandestinus Steud. A(i) True False True False False Occasional
Euryops prostratus B.Nord. A(i) True True True False False Frequent
Haplocarpha hastata K.Lewin A(i) True False False False False Scarce
Helichrysum harennense Mesfin A(i) True True True False False Occasional
Herniaria abyssinica Chaudhri A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Lobelia acrochila (E.Wimm.) E.B.Knox A(iv) False False False False False Occasional
Malva aethiopica C.J.S.Davis A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Poa hedbergii S.M.Phillips A(i) True True True False False Scarce
Ranunculus simensis Fresen. A(i) False False False False False Unknown
Ranunculus tembensis Fresen. A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Rubus erlangeri Engl. A(iv) True False False False False Unknown
Sedum glomerifolium M.G.Gilbert A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Sedum mooneyi M.G.Gilbert A(i) True True True False False Occasional
Senecio balensis S.Ortíz & Vivero A(i) True True True False False Unknown
Senecio farinaceus Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich. A(i) False False False False False Unknown
Senecio steudelii Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich. A(iv) False False False False False Unknown
Trifolium spananthum Thulin A(i) True False False False False

Afroligusticum mattirolii (Chiov.) P.J.D.Winter

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Afroligusticum petitianum (A.Rich.) P.J.D.Winter

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Alchemilla haumanii Rothm.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Alopecurus baptarrhenius S.M.Phillips

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Anthoxanthum aethiopicum I.Hedberg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Arisaema mooneyanum M.G.Gilbert & Mayo

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Artemisia schimperi Sch.Bip. ex Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Asplenium balense Chaerle & Viane

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Chiliocephalum tegetum Mesfin

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Clinopodium paradoxum (Vatke) Ryding

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Crotalaria hypargyrea Chiov.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Cyanotis polyrrhiza Hochst. ex Hassk.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Cynanchum balense Liede

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Cyperus clandestinus Steud.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Euryops prostratus B.Nord.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Frequent

Haplocarpha hastata K.Lewin

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Helichrysum harennense Mesfin

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Herniaria abyssinica Chaudhri

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Lobelia acrochila (E.Wimm.) E.B.Knox

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Malva aethiopica C.J.S.Davis

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Poa hedbergii S.M.Phillips

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Scarce

Ranunculus simensis Fresen.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Ranunculus tembensis Fresen.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Rubus erlangeri Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Sedum glomerifolium M.G.Gilbert

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Sedum mooneyi M.G.Gilbert

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Occasional

Senecio balensis S.Ortíz & Vivero

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Senecio farinaceus Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Senecio steudelii Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:
Unknown

Trifolium spananthum Thulin

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Recommended citation

(2024) Tropical Important Plant Areas Explorer: Bale Mountains (Ethiopia). https://tipas.kew.org/site/bale-mountains/ (Accessed on 21/05/2024)