Bakossi National Park

CMNTIPA027
Bakossi National Park

Country: Cameroon

Administrative region: Southwest (Region)

Central co-ordinates: 5.06000 N, 9.62000 E

Area: 293.2km²

Qualifying IPA Criteria

A(i)Site contains one or more globally threatened species

IPA assessment rationale

Bakossi National Park likely qualifies as an IPA under multiple criteria. It is one of the largest and most intact areas of submontane moist tropical forest in Cameroon and appears to have high species diversity. It has also been reported to have a very high number of endemic species as well as many social, economic or culturally important species (Cheek et al., 2004), although the latter require formal comparison with other sites to meet the IPA criteria. Abundant evidence of globally threatened species with significant populations at the site is documented here for qualification under criterion A(i).

Site description

Bakossi National Park is a large area of submontane rainforest in Kupe-Mwanenguba Division, Southwest Region, Cameroon, along the Cameron volcanic line approximately 100 km from the coast. The main north-south running Kumba-Mamfe N8 road lies 10-15 km to the west and to the east towns and villages lie along the high valley which separates the park from Mt Mwanenguba and Mont Kupe further to the south. The administrative headquarters are sited within the town of Bangem 5 km beyond the northeast border. The National Park corresponds largely to the Mwendolengo mountains, as well as part of the Edib hills to the south. The range to the north of the Mbwe (Mbu) valley border is known as the Mwenzekong mountains which forms the southeastern part of the large Banyang Mbo reserve. The National Park takes its name from the much larger Bakossi tribal area (Cheek et al., 2004). It was created in November 2007 by Prime Ministerial decree No 2007/1459/PM, with safeguarding plant as well as animal species explicitly cited as objectives, together with protection of watersheds (Govt. Cameroon, 2007). This followed focus on the area by WWF and San Diego Zoo, Kew Gardens and the National Herbarium of Cameroon thanks to the GEF-World-Bank-MINEF (now MINEPDED) project, who surveyed the plant diversity of the wider Bakossi area between 1995 and 2003 (Cheek et al., 2004), resulting in proposals for a network of protected areas. Of these, however, only Bakossi National Park and Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary have been officially gazetted up to now.

Botanical significance

The Bakossi mountains are a major and relatively well preserved part of the Cameroon Highlands Forests ecoregion (WWF..., Cheek et al 2004), which represents one of the most diverse areas of tropical Africa. Cheek et al. (2004) report 2412 species in the larger 2390 km2 Bakossi checklist area and a particularly large number of local endemics. The richness per unit area is likely to be higher within the national park area although the number of local endemics may have been reduced somewhat by subsequent discoveries in other areas. The Cameroon Highlands follow a geological fault and represent a relatively narrow and small zone of submontane and montane forest in west or central Africa. Still close to the coast, diversity is boosted by high rainfall, while further north, much of these highlands have also been severely degraded by settlement and agriculture, with only small outposts of intact forest remaining (Cheek et al., 2000; Cheek et al., 2004; Cheek et al. 2010). A very high number of species from within the national park have been assessed as globally threatened under the IUCN red list scheme and for a large proportion of these, Bakossi National Park, sometimes together with Mt Kupe which has been more intensively surveyed, likely represents the most significant, if not the only, known population. Species currently endemic to the site itself include: Ledermanniella onanae, Hypolytrum subcompositus, Keetia bakossiorum, Pavetta rubentifolia, Memecylon bakossiense and Cola kodminensis. Unfortunately, many taxa recorded in Cheek et al. (2004) were collected around sites just outside the later gazetted National Park boundaries at Kodmin, Lake Edip and Nyandong. A certain latitude has been taken here to include several of these taxa where exact collection sites are unknown or interpreted to be very close to the boundary which is still not demarcated on the ground. However, a number of taxa had to be excluded and sites such as Lake Edip to the south and Bime rock to the northeast are notable, phytologically important, physical features requiring additional protection.

Habitat and geology

Although the terrain of the entire Kupe-Bakossi-Mwanenguba area is linked to the Cameroon line geological fault where the Congo craton and the West African plate meet, there is geological variation between the various peaks. Several phases of of geological activity are responsible. Uplifted basement complex rocks constitute part of the Bakossi mountains area (Cheek et al.,2020) and Wild (2004a) refers to metamorphic schists. However, much more recent volcanic activity is also prominent. Older than Mt Kupe and Mwanenguba, the volcanic rocks apparently derive from a period in the late Neogene when eruptive activity formed an inferior "white series" (Sieffermann, 1973; Wild, 2004a). Pouclet et al. (2005) date phonolite extrusions in the Bakossi mountains to the upper Miocene (7.55 +- 0.18 Ma), making them somewhat younger than trachytes of Ekomane in the Banyang Mbo sanctuary and much younger than the Pleistocene lava flows in the Bangem area. Intrusive (granite or syenite) inselbergs are also found throughout the area, such as Bime on the northeast border and Nyale rock in the southeast (Wild, 2004a). Like Mt Mwanenguba to the east (Wild, 2004a), the Edib mountains, at the southern edge of the site are an extinct volcano. Edib crater lake is just outside the site boundary.
The volcanic terrain gives rise to andosols in much of this area, although more clayey Nitrosols are predominant to the west and ferralsols to the east and north and may also feature in non-volcanic areas (Ngachi et al., 1992; Yerima & Ranst, 2005). Gleying also occurs due to high precipitation and mist (Wild, 2004a). Edib volcanic soils are less fertile than the highly cultivated soils of Kupe and Mwanenguba, corresponding presumably to their greater age (Wild, 2004a; Cheek et al., 2020). Birdlife (2021) describe clearings in the forest, especially near Kodmin, where forest apparently struggles to regrow. This may reflect poor soils and perhaps seasonal aridity without existing forest to draw down mist as horizontal precipitation, as well as reduced growth due to the impact of altitude and cloud on temperature, insolation and soil nutrient cycling (Wild, 2004a). It has strong conservation implications for forest clearance and shifting agriculture.
The whole region has high precipitation, augmented by horizontal precipitation which probably mitigates against reduced dry season rainfall. Birdlife (2021) suggest the Edib hills are the wettest part of the Bakossi IBA but parts of south western Kupe is likely wetter still, with up to 6-7 m possible (Cheek et al.,2020) and a mean of 4 m recorded at Nyasoso. At Bangem to the northeast the mean is only 2.8 m, although sources and periods differ (Wild 2004a, adapted from Ejedepang-Koge, 1986). Temperature varies little seasonally around 23-24 deg C and daily cycles are far greater. While latent heat from condensing air may in theory slightly reduce the normal lapse rate of 0.6 per 100m, reduced insolation due to cloud more than makes up for this (Wild, 2004a). Cloud cover and cloud forest - characterised by reduced tree stature, increased stem density, and abundance of tree ferns, epiphytes, mosses and ferns draping the forest - apparently extends to lower elevations in parts of Bakossi National Park than nearby Mount Mwanenguba and Mount Kupe (Wild, 2004a).
The area is an important watershed. The river Jide (Chide or Chede) flows south between Bakossi and Mwanenguba and joins the Mungo near Tombel. Another tributary of the Mungo river flows from the west of the Bakossi National Park, while the main tributary flows from the Rumpi Hills. The Mbwi (Mbu) drains to the north, flowing between Banyang and Bakossi to join the Cross river flowing west to Nigeria. The river Dikombe is fed by eastern Kupe and Mwanenguba and flows south to join the Wouri.
The vegetation of the wider area is extensively discussed by Cheek et al. (2004). The site is predominantly submontane cloud forest rich in epiphytes. There are also rocky areas, streams with reophytic communities, crater lakes and curious "grassland" areas amidst the forest.

Conservation issues

The boundaries of the National Park do not incorporate all of the rare or threatened taxa recorded, with particularly richly sampled areas close to the borders at Nyandong, Kodmin, Enyandong and Lake Edip (Cheek et al., 2004). For this reason, sensitive management of the border regions are particularly important. The lowland forest to the west of the park is poorly surveyed and rich and valuable forest habitat likely extends beyond the boundary to the Kumba-Mamfé road, and indeed beyond to the Rumpi Hills area. Beyond the western border, and also to the northwest between the site and Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary, this forest is designated as production forest reserves, and a smaller area of palm oil plantation, all of which are currently inactive (MINFOF & WRI, 2021). It is important that if these areas to become actively exploited that they are well managed and every effort is made to ensure forest species are retained and habitat corridors remain to link the protected areas. To the east, northeast and south, small scale cultivation and settlement around the existing communities and roads are the main threats. Bangem is a moderately-sized town and the highlands between Mt Mwanenguba and the site boundary, as well as the Jide valley, have been substantially deforested. It is important to preserve or restore habitat corridors between the highlands of Mwanenguba, Kupe and Banyang Mbo, and also with the Baksossi, Mungo and Loum forest reserves to the south.
Support for conservation amongst local leaders has been strong, although there is also local demand for roads and development (Cheek et al. 2004).
Although mineral exploitation permits have appeared to overlap the national park (MINFOF & WRI, 2013), the area is not among those where proven deposits have been demonstrated and mining activity does not appear likely in the near future (Tchindjang et al., 2017).

Ecosystem services

The official decree establishing the National Park cited protection of watersheds as a fundamental objective. The high annual rainfall is largely seasonal but the Mungo river, a major tributary of which flows from the west of the park, is renowned for maintaining a stable flow (WWF 2020). The montane cloud forest, with its dense structure of vegetation including vines, epiphytes and bryophytes as well trees, likely plays a vitally important role in this, both by condensing mist as horizontal precipitation and by buffering and recycling vertical precipitation. The former is especially important during the marked dry season between November and April (Williams et al., 2004). Studies in other parts of the world have shown that horizontal precipitation may contribute up to 46% of total precipitation (Hu & Rivers-Iregui, 2016). At nearby Mt Kupe, seasonal reduction in dry season water level of streams has alarmed local villagers who attribute it to upland deforestation (Williams et al., 2004), while downstream the Mungo river is vital to the health and livelihoods of people in various ways (WWF, 2020).
The site provides valuable habitat, particularly rare cloud forest, for a diverse range of birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish and mammals, including Drills and Nigerian-Cameroon Chimpanzees (Wild et al., 2004a; Wild et al., 2005; Morgan et al., 2011). Elephants occur to the north and south in Banyang Mbo sanctuary and Mungo-Bakossi forest reserve, making Bakossi National Park a potential migratory route (Wild et al., 2004a).
Although, like most of Cameroon, ecotourism is poorly established, the Kupe-Bakossi-Mwanenguba area has great potential but requires careful management. For this to happen it is likely necessary for the charismatic fauna to be preserved and encouraged, which depends not only on safeguarding forest within the park but also requires protecting and reestablishing habitat corridors between neighbouring sites including Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary, Mungo-Bakossi forest reserve, Mt Kupe, Mt Mwanenguba, Mt Nlonako, Rumpi Hills and even Korup National Park.
The Bakossi people rely on the forest to meet many of their basic needs. Many edible, medicinal and other useful species are recorded from the site and used by local people (Pollard., 2004). Traditional houses called “Ndabechung” are built with stems of Cyathea, the tree fern. The area also harbours many sacred sites for the Bakossi people (Ejedepang-Koge 1986; Wild, 2004b).

Site assessor(s)

Bruce Murphy, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Barthélemy Tchiengué, Institute of Agronomic Research and Development, Herbier National Camerounais, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Jean Michel Onana, University of Yaounde I, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant Biology; IRAD-Herbier National Camerounais

IPA criterion A species

Species Qualifying sub-criterion ≥ 1% of global population ≥ 5% of national population 1 of 5 best sites nationally Entire global population Socio-economically important Abundance at site
Hypolytrum subcompositus Lye & D.A.Simpson, A(i) True True True True False
Keetia bakossiorum Cheek A(i) True True True True False
Pavetta rubentifolia S.D.Manning A(i) True True True True False
Phyllanthus nyale Petra Hoffm. & Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Memecylon bakossiense R.D.Stone, Ghogue & Cheek A(i) True True True True False
Ledermanniella onanae Cheek A(i) True True True True False
Cola kodminensis Cheek A(i) True True True True False
Phyllanthus caesiifolius Petra Hoffm. & Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Amphiblemma monticola Jacq.-Fél. A(i) True True True False False
Begonia adpressa Sosef A(i) True True True False False
Begonia pelargoniiflora J.J.de Wilde & J.C.Arends A(i) True True True False False
Cyathula fernando-poensis Suess. & Friedrich A(i) True True True False False
Diospyros kupensis Gosline A(i) True True True False False
Dorstenia poinsettifolia Engl. var. etugeana B.J.Pollard A(i) True True True False False
Habenaria batesii la Croix A(i) True True True False False
Impatiens frithii Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Impatiens letouzeyi Grey-Wilson A(i) True True True False False
Justicia leucoxiphus Vollesen, Cheek & Ghogue A(i) True True True False False
Manilkara zenkeri Lecomte ex Aubrév. & Pellegr. A(i) True True True False False
Mesanthemum jaegeri Jacq.-Fél. A(i) True True True False False
Octoknema bakossiensis Gosline & Malécot A(i) True True True False False
Pavetta muiriana S.D.Manning A(i) True True True False False
Piptostigma submontanum Ghogue, Sonké & Couvreur, A(i) True True True False False
Quassia sanguinea Cheek & Jongkind A(i) True True True False False
Rhaphidophora pusilla N.E.Br A(i) True True True False False
Rinorea fausteana Achound. A(i) True True True False False
Rothmannia ebamutensis Sonké A(i) True True True False False
Sabicea bullata Zemagho, O.Lachenaud & Sonké A(i), A(iv) True True True False False
Scleria afroreflexa Lye A(i) True True True False False
Talbotiella bakossiensis Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Secamone racemosa (Benth.) Klack. A(i) True True True False False
Uvariodendron giganteum (Engl.) R.E.Fr. A(i) True False True False False
Vepris lecomteana (Pierre) Cheek & T.Heller A(i) True False False False False
Afrostyrax lepidophyllus Mildbr. A(i) False True True False False
Dactyladenia johnstonei (Hoyle) Prance & F.White A(i) True True True False False
Eugenia fernandopoana Engl. & Brehmer A(i) False True True False False
Nothospondias staudtii Engl. A(i) False True True False False
Allophylus conraui Gilg ex Radlk. A(i) True True True False False
Amorphophallus preussii (Engl.) N.E.Br. A(i) True True True False False
Begonia furfuracea Hook.f. A(i) True True True False False
Drypetes staudtii (Pax) Hutch. A(i) True False False False False
Medusandra richardsiana Brenan A(i) True False True False False
Memecylon dasyanthum Gilg & Ledermann ex Engl. A(i) True True True False False
Mikaniopsis maitlandii C.D.Adams A(i) True True True False False
Pavetta brachycalyx Hiern A(i) True True True False False
Coleus cataractum (B.J.Pollard) A.J.Paton A(i) True True True False False
Pseuderanthemum dispermum Milne-Redh. A(i) True True True False False
Sabicea xanthotricha Wernham A(i) True True True False False
Sarcophrynium villosum (Benth.) K.Schum. A(i) True True True False False
Baillonella toxisperma Pierre A(i) False False False False True
Begonia bonus-henricus J.J.de Wilde A(i) True True True False False
Entandrophragma cylindricum (Sprague) Sprague A(i) False False False False True
Entandrophragma utile (Dawe & Sprague) Sprague A(i) False False False False True
Garcinia kola Heckel A(i) False False False False True
Hypolytrum pseudomapanioides D.A.Simpson & Lye A(i) False False False False False
Loesenera talbotii Baker f. A(i) True True True False False
Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn.f. A(i) False False False False True
Macropodiella pellucida (Engl.) C.Cusset A(i) True True True False False
Neoschumannia kamerunensis Schltr. A(i) True True True False False
Strychnos staudtii Gilg A(i) True False False False False
Trichostachys interrupta K.Schum. A(i) True True True False False
Afrofittonia silvestris Lindau A(i) True False True False False
Afropectinariella pungens (Schltr.) M.Simo & Stévart A(i) True True True False False
Anthocleista microphylla Wernham A(i) True True True False False
Begonia duncan-thomasii Sosef A(i) True True True False False
Begonia oxyanthera Warb. A(i) True True True False False
Begonia preussii Warb. A(i) True True True False False
Begonia prismatocarpa Hook. subsp. delobata Sosef A(i) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum bifarium Hook.f. A(i) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum teretifolium Schltr. A(i) True True True False False
Calochone acuminata Keay A(i) True False False False False
Chassalia laikomensis Cheek A(i), A(iii) True False False False False
Coffea bakossii Cheek & Bridson A(i) True True True False False
Dracaena kupensis Mwachala, Cheek, Eb.Fisch. & Muasya A(i) True True True False False
Hymenocoleus glaber Robbr. A(i) True True True False False
Justicia orbicularis (Lindau) V.A.W.Graham A(i) True True True False False
Kupeantha kupensis Cheek & Sonké A(i) True True True False False
Leptonychia kamerunensis Engl. & K.Krause A(i) True True True False False
Liparis goodyeroides Schltr. A(i) True True True False False
Magnistipula conrauana Engl. A(i) True True True False False
Manniella cypripedioides Salazar, T.Franke, Zapfack & Beenken A(i) True True True False False
Marsdenia magniflora P.T.Li A(i) True True True False False
Mussaenda epiphytica Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Napoleonaea egertonii Baker f. A(i) True True True False False
Oncoba lophocarpa Oliv. A(i) True True True False False
Oxyanthus montanus Sonké A(i) True True True False False
Pararistolochia ceropegioides (S.Moore) Hutch. & Dalziel A(i) True False True False False
Polystachya superposita Rchb.f. A(i) True True True False False
Pseudagrostistachys africana subsp. africana A(i) True False False False False
Psychotria bakossiensis Cheek & Sonké A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria darwiniana Cheek A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria podocarpa Petit A(i) True True True False False
Rhipidoglossum polydactylum (Kraenzl.) Garay A(i) True True True False False
Rinorea thomasii Achound. A(i) True False False False False
Schefflera hierniana Harms A(i) True True True False False
Staurogyne bicolor (Mildbr.) Champl. A(i) True True True False False
Stolzia grandiflora P.J.Cribb subsp. lejolyana Stévart, Droissart & M.Simo A(i) True True True False False
Streptocarpus lineatum (B.L.Burtt) Mich.Möller & M.Hughes A(i) True True True False False
Triclisia lanceolata Troupin A(i) True True True False False
Triclisia macrophylla Oliv. A(i) True True True False False
Uvariopsis korupensis Gereau & Kenfack A(i) True False True False False
Uvariopsis submontana Kenfack, Gosline & Gereau A(i) True True True False False
Vepris trifoliolata (Engl.) Mziray A(i) True True True False False
Xylopia africana (Benth.) Oliv. A(i) True True True False False
Drypetes magnistipula (Pax) Hutch. A(i) False True True False False
Crateranthus talbotii Baker f. A(i) False True True False False
Dorstenia astyanactis Aké Assi A(i) False True True False False
Placodiscus opacus Radlk. A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria lanceifolia K.Schum. A(i) False False False False False
Secamone letouzeana (H. Huber) Klack. A(i) False True True False False
Acanthopale decempedalis C.B.Clarke A(i) True True True False False
Mendoncia camerounensis Breteler & Wieringa A(i) True True True False False
Psychotria retrofracta O.Lachenaud A(i), A(iv) True True True False False
Aframomum kodmin D.J.Harris & Wortley A(i), A(iv) True True True False False
Ledermanniella letouzeyi C.Cussett A(i), A(iv) True True True False False
Ledermanniella thalloidea (Engl.) C.Cusset A(i) False False False False False
Liparis ascendens P.J.Cribb A(i) True True True False False
Vigna desmodioides R.Wilczek A(i) False True True False False
Beilschmiedia cuspidata (K.Krause) Robyns & R.Wilczek A(i) True True True False False
Bulbophyllum gravidum Lindl. A(i) False False True False False
Ardisia koupensis Taton A(i) True True True False False
Plagiosiphon discifer Harms A(i) True True True False False
Pseudosabicea batesii (Wernham) N.Hallé A(i) False False True False False

Hypolytrum subcompositus Lye & D.A.Simpson,

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Keetia bakossiorum Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta rubentifolia S.D.Manning

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Phyllanthus nyale Petra Hoffm. & Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Memecylon bakossiense R.D.Stone, Ghogue & Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ledermanniella onanae Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cola kodminensis Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
True
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Phyllanthus caesiifolius Petra Hoffm. & Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Amphiblemma monticola Jacq.-Fél.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia adpressa Sosef

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia pelargoniiflora J.J.de Wilde & J.C.Arends

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Cyathula fernando-poensis Suess. & Friedrich

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Diospyros kupensis Gosline

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dorstenia poinsettifolia Engl. var. etugeana B.J.Pollard

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Habenaria batesii la Croix

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Impatiens frithii Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Impatiens letouzeyi Grey-Wilson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Justicia leucoxiphus Vollesen, Cheek & Ghogue

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Manilkara zenkeri Lecomte ex Aubrév. & Pellegr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Mesanthemum jaegeri Jacq.-Fél.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Octoknema bakossiensis Gosline & Malécot

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta muiriana S.D.Manning

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Piptostigma submontanum Ghogue, Sonké & Couvreur,

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Quassia sanguinea Cheek & Jongkind

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rhaphidophora pusilla N.E.Br

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rinorea fausteana Achound.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rothmannia ebamutensis Sonké

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Sabicea bullata Zemagho, O.Lachenaud & Sonké

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Scleria afroreflexa Lye

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Talbotiella bakossiensis Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Secamone racemosa (Benth.) Klack.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariodendron giganteum (Engl.) R.E.Fr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vepris lecomteana (Pierre) Cheek & T.Heller

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afrostyrax lepidophyllus Mildbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dactyladenia johnstonei (Hoyle) Prance & F.White

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Eugenia fernandopoana Engl. & Brehmer

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Nothospondias staudtii Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Allophylus conraui Gilg ex Radlk.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Amorphophallus preussii (Engl.) N.E.Br.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia furfuracea Hook.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Drypetes staudtii (Pax) Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Medusandra richardsiana Brenan

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Memecylon dasyanthum Gilg & Ledermann ex Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Mikaniopsis maitlandii C.D.Adams

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pavetta brachycalyx Hiern

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Coleus cataractum (B.J.Pollard) A.J.Paton

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pseuderanthemum dispermum Milne-Redh.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Sabicea xanthotricha Wernham

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Sarcophrynium villosum (Benth.) K.Schum.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Baillonella toxisperma Pierre

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Begonia bonus-henricus J.J.de Wilde

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Entandrophragma cylindricum (Sprague) Sprague

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Entandrophragma utile (Dawe & Sprague) Sprague

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Garcinia kola Heckel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Hypolytrum pseudomapanioides D.A.Simpson & Lye

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Loesenera talbotii Baker f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
True
Abundance at site:

Macropodiella pellucida (Engl.) C.Cusset

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Neoschumannia kamerunensis Schltr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Strychnos staudtii Gilg

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Trichostachys interrupta K.Schum.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afrofittonia silvestris Lindau

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Afropectinariella pungens (Schltr.) M.Simo & Stévart

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Anthocleista microphylla Wernham

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia duncan-thomasii Sosef

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia oxyanthera Warb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia preussii Warb.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Begonia prismatocarpa Hook. subsp. delobata Sosef

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum bifarium Hook.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum teretifolium Schltr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Calochone acuminata Keay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Chassalia laikomensis Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iii)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Coffea bakossii Cheek & Bridson

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dracaena kupensis Mwachala, Cheek, Eb.Fisch. & Muasya

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Hymenocoleus glaber Robbr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Justicia orbicularis (Lindau) V.A.W.Graham

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Kupeantha kupensis Cheek & Sonké

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Leptonychia kamerunensis Engl. & K.Krause

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Liparis goodyeroides Schltr.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Magnistipula conrauana Engl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Manniella cypripedioides Salazar, T.Franke, Zapfack & Beenken

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Marsdenia magniflora P.T.Li

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Mussaenda epiphytica Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Napoleonaea egertonii Baker f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Oncoba lophocarpa Oliv.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Oxyanthus montanus Sonké

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pararistolochia ceropegioides (S.Moore) Hutch. & Dalziel

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Polystachya superposita Rchb.f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pseudagrostistachys africana subsp. africana

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria bakossiensis Cheek & Sonké

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria darwiniana Cheek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria podocarpa Petit

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rhipidoglossum polydactylum (Kraenzl.) Garay

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Rinorea thomasii Achound.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Schefflera hierniana Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Staurogyne bicolor (Mildbr.) Champl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Stolzia grandiflora P.J.Cribb subsp. lejolyana Stévart, Droissart & M.Simo

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Streptocarpus lineatum (B.L.Burtt) Mich.Möller & M.Hughes

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Triclisia lanceolata Troupin

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Triclisia macrophylla Oliv.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariopsis korupensis Gereau & Kenfack

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Uvariopsis submontana Kenfack, Gosline & Gereau

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vepris trifoliolata (Engl.) Mziray

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Xylopia africana (Benth.) Oliv.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Drypetes magnistipula (Pax) Hutch.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Crateranthus talbotii Baker f.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Dorstenia astyanactis Aké Assi

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Placodiscus opacus Radlk.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria lanceifolia K.Schum.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Secamone letouzeana (H. Huber) Klack.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Acanthopale decempedalis C.B.Clarke

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Mendoncia camerounensis Breteler & Wieringa

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Psychotria retrofracta O.Lachenaud

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Aframomum kodmin D.J.Harris & Wortley

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ledermanniella letouzeyi C.Cussett

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i), A(iv)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ledermanniella thalloidea (Engl.) C.Cusset

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
False
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Liparis ascendens P.J.Cribb

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Vigna desmodioides R.Wilczek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Beilschmiedia cuspidata (K.Krause) Robyns & R.Wilczek

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Bulbophyllum gravidum Lindl.

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Ardisia koupensis Taton

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Plagiosiphon discifer Harms

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
True
≥ 5% of national population:
True
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

Pseudosabicea batesii (Wernham) N.Hallé

Qualifying sub-criterion:
A(i)
≥ 1% of global population:
False
≥ 5% of national population:
False
1 of 5 best sites nationally:
True
Entire global population:
False
Socio-economically important:
False
Abundance at site:

General site habitats

General site habitat Percent coverage Importance
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest 50 Major
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest 40 Major
Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Swamp Forest No value
Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers, Streams, Creeks [includes waterfalls] No value
Rocky Areas - Rocky Areas [e.g. inland cliffs, mountain peaks] No value

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest

Percent coverage:
50
Importance:
Major

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest

Percent coverage:
40
Importance:
Major

Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Swamp Forest

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:

Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers, Streams, Creeks [includes waterfalls]

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:

Rocky Areas - Rocky Areas [e.g. inland cliffs, mountain peaks]

Percent coverage:
No value
Importance:

Land use types

Land use type Percent coverage Importance
Nature conservation 100 Major

Nature conservation

Percent coverage:
100
Importance:
Major

Threats

Threat Severity Timing
Biological resource use - Logging & wood harvesting Low Past, likely to return
Natural system modifications - Fire & fire suppression Low Past, likely to return
Transportation & service corridors - Roads & railroads Medium Future - inferred threat
Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture Low Ongoing - trend unknown
Biological resource use - Hunting & collecting terrestrial animals Medium Ongoing - trend unknown

Biological resource use - Logging & wood harvesting

Severity:
Low
Timing:
Past, likely to return

Natural system modifications - Fire & fire suppression

Severity:
Low
Timing:
Past, likely to return

Transportation & service corridors - Roads & railroads

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Future - inferred threat

Agriculture & aquaculture - Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture

Severity:
Low
Timing:
Ongoing - trend unknown

Biological resource use - Hunting & collecting terrestrial animals

Severity:
Medium
Timing:
Ongoing - trend unknown

Protected areas

Protected area name Protected area type Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Bakossi National Park National Park protected/conservation area matches IPA 100

Bakossi National Park

Protected area type:
National Park
Relationship with IPA:
protected/conservation area matches IPA
Areal overlap:
100

Conservation designation

Designation name Protected area Relationship with IPA Areal overlap
Bakossi mountains IBA Important Bird Area IPA encompasses protected/conservation area No value
Bakossi mountains KBA Key Biodiversity Area IPA encompasses protected/conservation area No value

Bakossi mountains IBA

Protected area:
Important Bird Area
Relationship with IPA:
IPA encompasses protected/conservation area
Areal overlap:
No value

Bakossi mountains KBA

Protected area:
Key Biodiversity Area
Relationship with IPA:
IPA encompasses protected/conservation area
Areal overlap:
No value

Management type

Management type Description Year started Year finished
Protected Area management plan in place Unknown if management plan exists. Although officially gazetted, park boundaries have not been established and active management and policing is believed to be minimal or non-existent. 2007 No value

Protected Area management plan in place

Unknown if management plan exists. Although officially gazetted, park boundaries have not been established and active management and policing is believed to be minimal or non-existent.
Year started:
2007
Year finished:
No value

Bibliography

Cheek, M., Onana, J.-M. & Pollard, B.J., 2000

The Plants of Mount Oku and the Ijim Ridge, Cameroon, A Conservation Checklist.

Harvey Y. H., Pollard B. J., Darbyshire I., Onana J.-M. & Cheek M., 2004

The plants of Bali Ngemba Forest Reserve, Cameroon: a conservation checklist

Cheek, M., Harvey, Y. & Onana, J.M., 2010

The Plants of Dom, Bamenda Highlands, Cameroon: a Conservation Checklist

Pouclet, A., Dongmo, A. K. Jacques-Marie, Bardintzeff, P. W., Tagheu, P. C., Nkouathio, D., Bellon, H. & Ruffet, G., 2014

The Mount Manengouba, a complex volcano of the Cameroon Line: Volcanic history, petrological and geochemical features

Journal of African Earth Sciences, Vol 97, page(s) 297-321 Available online

Govt. Cameroon, 2007

Setting up of the Bakossi National Park

Official Gazette of the Republic of Cameroon. 48th Year special issue, 30 December 2007 (pub. Official Gazette Department, Presidency of the Republic), page(s) 98-100 Available online

WWF, 2020

Coastal Forests Programme: Bakossi National Park

Available online

BirdLife International, 2021

Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bakossi mountains

Available online

Wild, C., Morgan, B. & Dixson, A., 2005

Conservation of Drill Populations in Bakossiland, Cameroon: Historical Trends and Current Status

International Journal of Primatology, Vol 26(4), page(s) 759-773

Wild, C., Morgan, B. & Fotso, R., 2004a

The Vertebrate Fauna

The Plants of Kupe, Mwanenenguba and the Bakossi Mountains, Cameroon: a conservation checklist (pub. RBG)

Eilliams, S., Townsend, C., Magill, B. & Cheek, M., 2004

Byrophytes and Water Capture

The Plants of Kupe, Mwanenenguba and the Bakossi Mountains, Cameroon: a conservation checklist (pub. RBG, Kew), page(s) 90-98

Wild, C., 2004a

The Physical Environment

The Plants of Kupe, Mwanenenguba and the Bakossi Mountains, Cameroon: a conservation checklist (pub. RBG Kew), page(s) 17-23

Cheek, M., Tchiengue, B. & Baldwin, I., 2020

Notes on the plants of Bakossi, Cameroon, and the new Cola etugei and Cola kodminensis (Sterculiaceae s. str.)

Plant Ecology and Evolution, Vol 153 (1), page(s) 108–119

Yerima, B. & Van Ranst, E., 2005

Major Soil Classification Systems Used in the Tropics: Soils of Cameroon

Ngachie, V., 1992

A general assessment of soil resources and soil fertility constraints in Cameroon on the basis of FAO-UNESCO soil map anlaysis

Tropicultura, Vol 10(2), page(s) 61-63

Wild, C., 2004b

Sacred Groves

The Plants of Kupe, Mwanenenguba and the Bakossi Mountains, Cameroon: a conservation checklist (pub. RBG, Kew)

Pollard, B., 2004

Ethnobotany

The Plants of Kupe, Mwanenenguba and the Bakossi Mountains, Cameroon: a conservation checklist (pub. RBG, Kew), page(s) 81-87

Hu, J. & Riveros-Iregui, D.A., 2016

Life in the clouds: are tropical montane cloud forests responding to changes in climate?

Oecologia, Vol 180, page(s) 1061–1073

MINFOF (Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife) & WRI (World Resources Instiute), 2013

Cameroon's Forest Estate December 2013 poster

Available online

Tchindjang M., Mbevo F. P., Haman U., Voundi E., Njombissie P. I. C. & Saha F., 2017

Mapping of the dilemma of mining against forest and conservation in the Lom and Djérem Division, Cameroon

Available online

Ejedepang-Koge, S.N., 1986

The tradition of a people, Bakossi: A historico-socio-anthropological study of one of Cameroon's Bantu peoples

Cheek, M., Pollard, B., Darbyshire, I., Onana, J-M. & Wild, C., 2004

The Plants of Kupe, Mwangenguba and the Bakossi Mountains, Cameroon: A Conservation Checklist

MINFOF (Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife) & WRI (World Resources Instiute), 2021

Forest Atlas of Cameroon

Available online

Recommended citation

Bruce Murphy, Barthélemy Tchiengué, Jean Michel Onana (2024) Tropical Important Plant Areas Explorer: Bakossi National Park (Cameroon). https://tipas.kew.org/site/bakossi-national-park/ (Accessed on 21/05/2024)